Wood in Costa Rica: Slight Business Improvement

The production of wood in rolls reached 981,445 m3 during 2017, a volume only 1.3% higher than that reported in 2016.

Tuesday, October 9, 2018

According to the annual report of the National Forestry Office (ONF), in the harvest of 981,445 m³ of wood in rolls reported last year, was considered log wood dedicated to export and sawn timber by the primary processing industry. Of the harvested wood, 77.5% is of forest plantations, 17.1% of agricultural land without forest and 5.4% of the forests.

You may be interested in "Wood in Central America: A $223 million Business"

The document highlights that forest plantations continue to be the main source of wood. Last year there was a 9% decrease in the processing of this wood. Now, if compared to 2007, when the highest volume was reached at 968,042 m³-r, it represents a reduction of 362,932 m³-r (37% less). Uncertainty about sustainability exists, given the low rates of reforestation in recent years. On the other hand, if we add the logged wood used for export, the total for 2017 is 760,698 m³-r.

The report adds that wood from agricultural land fell by 2% compared to 2016, maintaining a change in stability until 2014.

Most of the wood produced was to manufacture of pallets and other packaging materials (44.2%), construction (21.4%), furniture (8.0%) and other uses (0.5%). In addition, it is considered that some 254,781 cubic meters (m3) of wood in rolls and sawn wood were exported (26%).

See "Usage and contributions of wood in Costa Rica Statistics 2017".

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Statistics on Timber Sector in Costa Rica

September 2017

In 2016, 965 thousand cubic meters of roundwood were processed, 77% of which came from forest plantations, 17% from land and agriculture use, and 5% from forests.

From the summary of the National Forest Office (ONF) report :

As part of the results of this report, the primary wood processing industry, including stationary and portable units, is estimated to have processed 965,602 cubic meters of roundwood (m3-r). Of this volume, 745,267 m3-r (77.2%) came from forest plantations, 171,017 m3-r from land for agricultural use (17.7%) and 49,318 m3-r from forests (5.1%). Based on the above information, an increase of 0.9% is confirmed compared to the volume of logs reported in 2015.  

Costa Rica: Figures for the Wood and Furniture Sector - 2016

April 2017

Last year imports of sawn timber grew by 34% compared to 2015, while wood furniture exports and imports increased by only 3.4% and 2.6%, respectively.

From the report "Trade balance and main trends in exports and imports of wood and furniture 2016", from the National Forestry Office: 

Costa Rica: Figures in the Timber Sector

August 2015

In 2014 1.017.000 cubic meters of roundwood timber were processed, of which 78% came from forest plantations, 20% from land in use and agriculture, and 2% from forests.

From a summary of the study by the National Forestry Office (ONF):

As part of the results revealed in this report, it is estimated that the industry of primary wood processing, in both stationary and portable plants, processed 1,017,000 cubic meters of roundwood (m3-r). Of that amount, 788,666 m3-r (77.6%) come from forest plantations, 207,693 m3-r from land used for agricultural (20.4%) and 20,640 m3-r from forests (2%). This information confirms a 4.4% increase in volume compared to the amounts reported in 2013.

Decline of Costa Rica's Forestry Industry

November 2013

During the last five years the sector fell by 37%,having mainly been affected by wood imports which increased by 141%.

Nacion.com reports: "The Costa Rican forest industry fell by 34.6% between 2007 and 2012, measured in number of processed rolls in m³ (m³-r), due to a sharp increase in imports from various countries." While wood the amount of wood imported in 2009 was valued at $20.3 billion, in 2012 the figure rose to $49.04 million.

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