The Return of Robusta Coffee

In Costa Rica, a decree is being prepared to eliminate the ban that has been in effect since 1988 and to re-authorize planting of the robusta variety in some areas of the country.

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

The results obtained in tests carried out in 2016 and the conclusion that there is no longer a real technical justification for prohibiting the sowing of this variety have led the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock to review the conditions and evaluate resumption of planting in some areas of the country.

See also: "Nicaragua Authorizes Extensive Planting of Robusta"

The decree, which will be signed by President Solís in the coming days, "... will regulate the cultivation areas, the roasting methods (industrializing this type of grain) and marketing methods, to avoid confusion with Arabica coffee, according to the Minister of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), Luis Felipe Arauz.The Icafé will take charge
of this independence, which will guarantee the preservation of the quality of the grain and its international recognition, explained Arauz."

See also: "Crop monitoring in Central America"

Xinia Chaves, executive director of the Chamber of Coffee Exporters, told that "... it is precisely for the reason of preserving quality of the grain that it is considered important that cultivation of Robusta be restarted in a very orderly way. That, he added, is what they want to promote with the decree. Making it not be possible to sow in all zones, that the roasting be done completely separately from the Arabica variety and that its commercialization is also well organized, separate from the other variety, he explained."

In Nicaragua, steps have also been taken in this same direction.  Starting from July 2018, a new technical standard will establish methods of analysis, sampling, packaging and labeling of green robusta coffee for export and commercialization.

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El Salvador: Protection for Local Coffee

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Through a proposed law the Ministry of Agriculture aims to protect national production by increasing tariffs on grain imports.

According to figures from the Salvadoran Coffee Council, of every 4 hundredweight consumed in the country approximately 3 are imported. The proportion is reflected in data from the 2015-2016 cycle, a period in which about 270 thousand hundredweight was purchased abroad, which contrasts with the 100 thousand hundredweight of local product consumed.  

Coffee in Guatemala: Bet on Robusta Variety

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The coffee growers' association intends to promote planting of the Robusta variety, which generates better yields at a lower cost of production than Arabica coffee.

As a new measure to increase productivity of the sector, the National Coffee Association is proposing sowing the grain in areas where it has not been used un until now, such as conflict areas or those in the lower parts of the country.

Nicaragua: More Areas for Robusta Coffee

April 2015

Coffee growers suggest eliminating restrictions that exist for growing robusta in order to allow planting in protected areas and other areas.

In Nicaragua it is prohibited to cultivate robusta coffee beans in areas not considered within the territorial boundaries established by the legislation, and it is precisely this restriction that the National Commission for Transformation and Development of Coffee (Conatradec) wants to change.

How much does it cost to renew coffee plantations in El Salvador?

March 2014

The union estimates that 30,000 hectares need to be renewed each year, at a cost of $5,000 for each hectare planted with new trees.

Producers want to improve crop productivity and for this they need funding to rejuvenate coffee farms and fertilize the soil.

In the view of Sergio Ticas, President of the Coffee Association "if the work is done on 30,000 fields each year, production will be two million quintals in a period of four years. To achieve these results we need to plant new plants, carry out pruning, cut backs (cut the stem back to 30 centimeters above the ground) and replace the necessary nutrients, among other tasks. "