The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Index of Democracy 2008

Costa Rica is second in Latin America with an index of 27. Panama is at 43, El Salvador 67, Honduras 74, Nicaragua 78, Guatemala 79.

Wednesday, October 22, 2008

The results of the Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index 2008 confirm that, following a decades-long global trend in democratisation, the spread of democracy has come to a halt. Comparing the results for 2008 with those from the first edition of the index, which covered 2006, shows that the dominant pattern in the past two years has been stagnation. Although there is no recent trend of outright regression, there are few instances of significant improvement. However, the global financial crisis, resulting in a sharp and possibly protracted recession, could threaten democracy in some parts of the world.

This is the second edition of the Economist Intelligence Unit’s democracy index. It reflects the situation as of September 2008. The first edition, published in 2006 in the Economist's World in 2007, reflected the situation in September 2006. The Index provides a snapshot of the current state of democracy worldwide for 165 independent states and two territories (this covers almost the entire population of the world and the vast majority of the world's independent states (27 micro states are excluded). The Economist Intelligence Unit’s democracy index is based on five categories: electoral process and pluralism; civil liberties; the functioning of government; political participation; and political culture. Countries are placed within one of four types of ...

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