The Customs Union in the Northern Triangle

Negotiations have started to incorporate El Salvador into the Customs Union that is already functioning, albeit partially and with some setbacks, between Guatemala and Honduras.

Monday, October 16, 2017

Internal taxes, customs procedures, migration, tariffs and sanitary and phytosanitary permits are some of the issues to be addressed in the first round of negotiations between the Salvadoran government and its Guatemalan and Honduran counterparts. 

In a statement, the Ministry of Economy of El Salvador detailed that "... As part of its process of joining the customs union, El Salvador has decided to prioritise work on the border posts of Anguiatú and La Hachadura, in the case of the border with Guatemala, and in El Amatillo, in the case of Honduras."

Although the customs systems of Honduras and Guatemala were integrated almost four months ago, some businessmen have reported difficulties in using the system that generates the Single Central American Invoice and Declaration and state that the three integrated customs offices are not working.

See also "Honduras - Guatemala Customs Union: How does it work?"

The executive director of the Exporters Corporation of El Salvador (Coexport), Silvia Cuéllar, explained to Elmundo.sv that "... the ministries and private sectors of the three countries are continuing their efforts to concretize the incorporation of El Salvador 'before end the year,' as foreseen by the Salvadoran government."

However, Cuéllar said that "... technical tables 'could take more time, because different regulations have to be approved', and which products will make use of the Central American Single Invoice and Declaration (Fyduca), and what merchandise will still use the Central American Single Customs Form (Fauca)."



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More on this topic

Northern Triangle: More Negotiations for Customs Union

January 2019

Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras have yet to finalize their Customs Union, since this week a new round of negotiations began in which they will follow up on the project to implement the advance declaration.

Although in December 2018 it was reported that the El Poy integrated border post in Chalatenango, the first to have the necessary infrastructure to operate within the framework of the customs integration of the Northern Triangle, began operating in El Salvador, the unification process is currently under negotiation among the countries.

Northern Triangle: New Progress in Customs Union

November 2018

After several rounds of negotiations, El Salvador formally joined the Customs Union process with Guatemala and Honduras, so it will have to adjust its systems to the community information platform.

Authorities from the countries of the Northern Triangle reported that since November 20th, El Salvador has been fully incorporated legally and administratively into the process of Deep Integration of the Customs Union between Guatemala and Honduras.

Customs Union: Mandatory Use of Fyduca

February 2018

Starting from March 1, use of the Invoice and Central American single declaration will be mandatory to transport merchandise through border posts between Guatemala and Honduras.

In December authorities in Guatemala and Honduras decided to postpone the mandatory use of the Central American single invoice and declaration (Fyduca) form, due to, among other things, ignorance about the use of the system on the part of some companies.

Hopes for Customs Union in El Salvador

July 2017

The trade union of Salvadoran exporters has already started the process to participate in the negotiation rounds to join the Customs Union between Guatemala and Honduras.

The private sector will be part of the negotiation process that has just begun to incorporate El Salvador and Nicaragua into the Customs Union which is already in force between Guatemala and Honduras. 

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