The Trade Conflict between Panama and Colombia

Colombia alleges that it needs more time to implement necessary changes to its laws in order to remove trade barriers on Panamanian products.

Friday, June 19, 2009

The article from, points out that, “On May 20th, the OMC announced that its department for the Solution of Controversies condemned Colombia for its violation of international trade laws for impeding the import of Panamanian products like textiles, most frequently originating from the Free Trade Zone of Colón to Colombian ports.”

At the end of the first 30 days established so that both sides can reach an agreement over eliminating these restrictions, each country presented their cases before the OMC, which would give them an extension of 15 days to reach an agreement. If an agreement isn’t reached within this period, the department for the Solution of Controversies of the OMC would have the responsibility to produce a definite resolution within 45 days.

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Panama: Dispute Over Colombian Tariffs Worsens

November 2016

Colombia is replacing the controversial mixed tariff with a threshold of $10 / kg for clothing and between $6 and $10 per pair of shoes, and will temporarily apply the maximum tariffs of 40% and 35%, respectively, and above the threshold, a tariff of 15%.

The Panamanian government has expressed its opposition to the new measures implemented by Colombia. The Minister of Commerce and Industry, Augusto Arosemena said the neighboring country   "... can not adopt in parallel through supposed customs controls, measures which violate other obligations on market access and customs valuation, still less substantiate them using arguments that were rejected in two legal cases, as the supposed justification of enforcing laws on money laundering.

WTO to Mediate Panama-Colombia Trade Dispute

October 2013

The World Trade Organization will form a panel to look into Panama's complaint over Colombian tariffs on textiles and footwear from the Colon Free Zone.

In August Panama asked the WTO to form an international panel.

At the request of Colombia it has not yet been defined who will make up the panel.

Peru Puts Breaks on FTA with Guatemala

August 2013

Although the Peruvian Congress has already ratified the FTA, they have indicated that it will not enter into effect until the dispute raised with the WTO over sugar has been settled.

The controversy which has been passed on to the WTO over the rise in Guatemala sugar tariffs is keeping the entry into force of the Free Trade Agreement between the two countries paralyzed.

WTO Rules in Panama’s Favor in Trade Dispute

April 2009

Colombia had taken tariff measures against Panamanians textiles from the Colón Free Trade Zone.

The World Trade Organization ruled in Panama’s favor in its request to remove the customs measures taken by Colombia against the textiles, clothing and footwear from the Colón Free Trade Zone (ZLC) after two years of dispute.

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