Tax Creation as Culture

Businessmen regret the fact that in Costa Rica is constant the creation of new taxes, fees and canons as an easy and quick solution to problems affecting the country, such as the bill that seeks to tax the use of plastic.

Monday, August 19, 2019

Project No. 21159 "Law to solve the contamination of plastic waste", which was presented to the National Assembly by the deputy of the ruling party Paola Vega, contemplates the collection of a tax for the importation or nationalization of plastic inputs, for selling or consuming articles of this material.

According to Article 9 of the bill, it is considered a fact generating the tax "... a) In the import or nationalization of inputs and plastic products, at the time of acceptance of the policy or customs declaration.
b) In sales, defined in accordance with the preceding article, on the date of issuance of the invoice or delivery of the goods, the act that is performed first.
c) In the use or consumption of plastic products free of charge, which form part of the consumption of any other good or group of goods.

For the Asociación Costarricense de la Industria de Plástico (Aciplast), if this law is approved, it could generate an inflationary effect derived from the costs of the packaging of the products.

"For example, the effect of the tax can be measured in the price of a bag of cookies, a product for which the bill promoted by the legislator presents two taxes: 10% to import the raw material for production and another tax of 25% for the bag that will serve to pack the cookies," explains the Aciplast in a statement. reports that "... the Union of Business Chambers (Uccaep) is concerned that very often they are resorting to the creation of new taxes, rates, canons and others (ie through a higher tax burden), as a way to mitigate different problems of the country."

Gonzalo Delgado, president of the Uccaep, said that "... The origin of the problem is the way in which the general population disposes of plastic waste and not the production of plastic itself, so raising the cost of producing it is not the appropriate way to address the situation."

More on this topic

Disposable Packaging: More Costs, New Challenges

July 2019

Changes in legislation restricting the use of disposable plastic containers and packaging force companies to look for other options, some of which could be up to five times more expensive.

On July 15, President Alvarado signed in Costa Rica the Law that decrees the prohibition of import, marketing and delivery of containers or containers of expanded polyethylene, better known as Styrofoam, in any commercial establishment.

The War Against Plastic

August 2017

While businesses and organizations try to reduce consumption of products such as plastic straws, bags or food packaging, the plastic industry is warning about the economic, health and environmental risks of these measures.

Measures to discourage the consumption of plastic products such as straws and bags pose significant challenges to companies that implement them, such as increasing costs when replacing plastic products with other reusable or recyclable products.

Costa Rica: "Green" Tax on Plastic Containers

August 2015

The food industry has opposed the proposal by Solis administration to levy a tax on non-returnable plastic containers, as a measure to discourage their use.

José Manuel Hernando, President of the Costa Rican Chamber of the Food Industry, explained that "... "It is totally wrong to think that more expensive products are transported in this type of material, citizens who throw their trash in the street will stop doing so, or municipalities will do their job better in terms of cleaning and waste collection. The measure will simply mean a higher cost of living for Costa Ricans.This kind of problem must be addressed with other programs such as those already being run by much of the food and beverage industry in collecting and recycling garbage and plastic material. We do not agree with this disformation given to the population which makes them think that a tax of this nature will change a problem that is being solved with completely different measures.'"

Employers: NO to Tax Evasion

August 2014

The business sector of Costa Rica agrees with the content of the draft law proposed by the executive branch to combat tax evasion, but points to gaps in the text.

The lack of "... clear measures on how to combat informality" is one of the shortcomings of the initiative, according to Alan Saborio, coordinator of the Tax Commission of the Costa Rican Union of Chambers and Associations of Private Enterprise (Uccaep).

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