Models of territorial organization: Costa Rica

The trend to "provincialization," or the decentralizing of the federal government, could signal a step backwards in rational terms, but it's a response to historical and constitutional factors.

Tuesday, July 15, 2008

The regionalization of the country was established by law in 1978 and was put into effect in January 1979.
The decree that put it into effect created the Central Region, the Chorotega Region, the Brunca Region and the Huetar Region, which was divided into the Atlantic Region and the Northern Region. the North Pacific Region had been established a year earlier.
These divisions were subsequently modified in the following years, but the basic system did not change.
It eventually became clear that the idea of dividing the country into administrative regions has met many obstacles and today there is not even any uniformity or coordination among the administrative divisions.

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Models of territorial organization: Nicaragua

July 2008

Nicaragua has created a top-level team of academics and professionals to plan its land regulation.

The nation's Constitution says the state has to promote the "harmonious" development of the regions. However, urban growth and economic development has over the years becoming heavily concentrated on the Pacific coast at the expense of the Atlantic and central regions.

Models of territorial organization: Honduras

July 2008

Honduras has begun to regulate land use and ownership, beginning with planning at a municipal level.

The absence of any formal regulation was laid bare in 1998 when Hurricane Mitch caused thousands of deaths and huge economic damage.
The aim of regulation is to identify areas that are suitable for development in a wide range of industries, such as tourism and mining, as well as for housing, farming and fishing.

Land use and organization model: Panamá

July 2008

Panama has organized its territory to encourage competitiveness in tourism, technological services, transport, and trade, while keeping sustainable development in the forefront.

Panama's planning experiences provide interesting implications for the process of territorial organization in Central America.

El Salvador the best-organized nation in the region

July 2008

Given its socio-demographic situation and its size, El Salvador is the best-organized nation of Central America territorially.

El Salvador prepared a National Ordering of Territory between 2001 and 2004, with the goal of creating a new model for its territorial, institutional and administrative organization.

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