Corn in Guatemala: Cultivated Area Falls 14%

For the 2018-2019 agricultural cycle, the cultivated area in the country was 925,101 hectares, 14% less than the 1.07 million reported for the 2017-2018 cycle.

Thursday, January 9, 2020

Data from the National Agricultural Survey (ENA), prepared by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), show that in the last agricultural cycle about 149,000 hectares were not cultivated with corn.

You may be interested in "Corn: Central American Purchases up to June 2019"

Gustavo Rivas, head of the National Association of Basic Grains, told Prensalibre.com that "... INE's measurement is 'short', since the reduction in corn cultivation, both for trade and for family consumption, is much broader. The drop in the area of corn cultivation is widespread and we consider it to be more than the estimate presented."

According to Rivas, the areas with the greatest drop in cultivated area are the Northern Transversal Strip, Ixcán, Petén and the Southern Coast. This decline in production is due to "... the effects of climate change, specifically floods and droughts that hit the producer and are not replenished. On the other hand, there is the discouragement of prices, since it is not profitable to produce and margins have been substantially reduced."

CentralAmericaData reports that in the first half of the year the main buyer according to the value of corn imports in Central America continued to be Guatemala with $138 million, followed by Costa Rica with $87 million, El Salvador with $83 million, Honduras with $65 million, Panama with $39 million and Nicaragua with $26 million.

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More on this topic

Guatemala: Corn Smuggling Denounced

October 2019

Agricultural producers report that the smuggling of corn from Mexico has increased in recent years, and it is estimated that currently the consumption of grain entering illegally accounts for 25% of total demand.

According to farmers, smuggled corn competes unfairly with local production, since in Mexico producers enjoy tax exemptions and state subsidies.

Basic Grains: El Salvador with Lower Production

February 2019

Partly because of the reported drought between June and July 2018, the estimated production of basic grains for the 2018/2019 agricultural cycle is 19.5 million quintals, 20% less than in the previous period.

The Salvadoran Chamber of Small and Medium Agricultural Producers (Campo) estimates that for the 2018/2019 agricultural cycle corn cultivation in the country will rise 14.5 million quintals, 31% less than reported in the period 2017/2018.

Corn: Cultivated Area up 48%

January 2019

For the 2017-2018 agricultural cycle, the cultivated area in Guatemala was 1.07 million hectares, 48% more than the 725 thousand reported in the 2014-2015 cycle.

Data from the National Agricultural Survey 2017-2018, carried out by the National Institute of Statistics, show that 10.1% of the area dedicated to crops in the country is used for corn, 1.3% for beans and less than 1% for rice.

Poor Crop Diversification

November 2011

In Guatemala, most of the cultivated areas are dedicated to sugar cane and maize.

The National Agricultural Survey, conducted recently among producers in Guatemala has revealed interesting results, including the distribution of crops in the country.

One of the first conclusions that can be drawn from the survey’s data is that there are two types of crops, sugar cane and maize, which predominate in cultivated areas.

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