Homicide Figures in Central America

A report by InSight Crime highlights the homicide rate registered in Costa Rica in 2017, which was 12.1 per 100,000 inhabitants, the highest number in its history.

Thursday, January 25, 2018

The report indicates that Costa Rica is a country that has traditionally been considered "peaceful," and in respect to the escalation of the homicide rate, an increase that local authorities attribute to organized crime, the report indicates that " ... lack of retrospective and a vague methodology is weakening the authorities' attempts to attribute blame to organized crime. "

In relation to other Central American countries it was indicated that in El Salvador "... a total of 3,947 homicides occurred in 2017, resulting in a rate of 60 violent deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants. "In the case of Honduras "... the annual balance of violent deaths fell by 26 percent, going from 5,150 in 2016 to 3,791 in 2017, equivalent to a homicide rate of 42.8 per 100 thousand inhabitants. " 

"Guatemala had a total of 4,409 homicides in 2017, according to an annual police report, which resulted in a homicide rate of 26.1 per 100 thousand inhabitants. This represents a slight decrease compared to the index of 27.3 in 2016, a much lower figure than that of its other two neighbors in the Northern Triangle: Honduras and El Salvador.

Panama's levels of violence have gone up because the " ... homicide rate of approximately 10.2 per 100 thousand inhabitants at the end of 2017, is slightly higher than the rate of the previous year, of 9.3." Nicaragua was the country that registered the lowest rate in Central America, since "... it had only 431 homicides in 2017, which gives an estimated rate of 7 per 100 thousand."

See full report (In spanish).

 

More on this topic

Central America: Highest Homicide Rate in the World

April 2014

Drug trafficking and gangs are the main factors responsible for intentional murders in the most violent countries in the world: Honduras, Belize, El Salvador and Guatemala.

According to a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime at the United Nations (UNODC), in 2012 Honduras recorded 90.4 killings per 100,000 inhabitants.

A Successful Public Safety Plan

March 2012

Role model: In the Brazilian state of Pernambuco the "Pact for Life" has, in five years, lowered the homicide rate by 42%.

In 2007 Pernambuco had the tragic privilege of being at the top of the list for crime among the Brazil’s states. Due to the ‘Pact for Life’, a safety plan established by Governor Eduardo Henrique Campos at the beginning of his term in that year, the murder rate (59 violent deaths per 100,000 people) fell by 42%.

Crime Affects Salvadoran Economy

May 2011

The costs generated by crime are equivalent to 11% of gross domestic product (GDP).

According to a recent World Bank report, crime and violence have an impact on economic growth not only in terms of loss of wages but it also affects the investment climate and diverts scarce government resources to strengthen the application of justice rather than promoting economic activity."

C.A. Spends 7.7% of its GDP in Security

October 2009

The region spends over $6.5 billion each year to fight insecurity and violence.

Central America is the world's most violent region, with an average murder rate of 33 homicides per 100.000 inhabitants, stated a report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

"Central America has become the world's most violent region.

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