Food: Global Prices up to June 2018

The FAO food price index registered an interannual decrease of close to 1%, due to weakening in most markets, as a result of tensions in international trade relations.

Friday, July 20, 2018

From the monthly FAO report: 

The FAO Food Price Index* (FFPI) averaged 173.7 points in June 2018, down 2.4 points (1.3 percent) from its level in May, representing the first month-on month decline since the beginning of this year. Most markets have generally taken-on a weaker tone recently largely because of rising tensions in international trade relations.

The FAO Cereal Price Index averaged 166.2 points in June, down 6.4 points (3.7 percent) from May but still nearly 8 percent higher than its level in the corresponding period last year. The decline in June was driven by relatively sharp falls in maize and wheat quotations, while rice prices rose. Despite overall worsening production prospects, wheat and maize prices fell in June, following similar trends observed across most commodities arising from heightened trade tensions. By contrast, international rice prices increased, as supply tightness underpinned higher quotations of Japonica and fragrant rice, outweighing declines in Indica prices.

The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index averaged 146.1 points in June, down 4.5 points (3 percent) from May, marking its fifth consecutive fall and 29-month low. The drop was driven by lower quotations for palm, soybean and sunflower oils. The continued slide in palm oil prices reflects lacklustre global demand as well as spill-over weakness from the soybean complex fuelled by the recent trade tensions. As for soy oil, further stock accumulations in several countries also weighed on prices, whereas sunflower oil quotations declined on higher than expected production, notably in the EU and Ukraine.

The FAO Dairy Price Index averaged 213.2 points in June, down 2 points (0.9 percent) from May but still 2 percent higher than the corresponding month last year. The decline in June was driven by lower price quotations for cheese, more than offsetting a rise in Skim Milk Powder (SMP) prices, while those of butter and Whole Milk Powder (WMP) remained steady. Increased export availabilities in the United States and the EU weighed on price quotations for cheese, whereas persistent import demand provided support to the prices of SMP. Butter and WMP quotations rose in Europe, but fell slightly in Oceania.

The FAO Meat Price Index averaged 169.8 points in June, up marginally (0.3 percent) from May but still down 3.3 percent from June 2017. The small month-on-month increase was largely driven by an upswing in ovine meat values as well as a small rise in pig meat prices, while bovine and poultry price quotations fell slightly. Solid import demand, amid weak offerings from Oceania, led to higher ovine meat prices, while firm demand, especially in Europe, supported higher pigmeat prices. Large export supplies from Australia underpinned the decrease in bovine prices, whereas ample export availabilities, especially from Brazil, amid weak import demand, pushed down poultry prices.

The FAO Sugar Price Index averaged 177.4 points in June, up 2.1 points (1.2 percent) from May, marking the first increase after six months of consecutive declines. The rise in international sugar prices was mostly due to worries over sugar production prospects in Brazil, the world’s largest sugar producing and exporting country, as dry weather conditions continued to negatively affect sugarcane yields. Reports indicating higher use of sugarcane for the production of fuel ethanol in Brazil had also lent support to international sugar prices.

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More on this topic

Food: Global Prices up to June 2019

July 2019

In the sixth month of the year, the FAO food price index increased by 1% compared to the same month in 2018, explained by the increase in the prices of cereals, meat and sugar.

From FAO's monthly report:

The FAO Food Price Index* (FFPI) averaged 173 points in June 2019, down marginally (0.3 percent) from May and very close to its level in June 2018.

Food: Global Prices up to May 2019

June 2019

In the fifth month of the year, the FAO food price index fell 2% over the same month in 2018, explained by the decline in prices of cereals and vegetable oils.

From the FAO monthly report:

The FAO Food Price Index* (FFPI) continued to rise for the fifth consecutive month, averaging 172.4 points in May 2019, up 1.2 percent (2.1 points) from April but still 1.9 percent below its level in the corresponding month last year. While prices for sugar and oils fell, the other sub-indices registered increases in May, led again by strong month-on-month firming of prices of dairy products followed by cereals.

Food: Global Prices up to May 2018

June 2018

The FAO food price index grew 1.9% year-on-year, due to the increase in prices of dairy products and cereals.

From the monthly report on the FAO food price index:

The FAO Food Price Index* (FFPI) averaged 176.2 points in May 2018, up 2.2 points (1.2 percent) from April level and hitting its highest level since October 2017.

International Prices of Food - June 2015

July 2015

In June prices of sugar and dairy products fell sharply, meat remained stable, while cereals and oils showed improvement.

The FAO Food Price Index* averaged 165.1 points in June 2015, down 1.5 points (0.9 percent) from the previous month and almost 44 points (21.0 percent) down from June 2014.

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