El Salvador is Losing its Human Resources

The emigration of six out of seven Salvadorans who have studied for 12 years or more is removing a vital resource for economic performance, preventing improvements to labor productivity in the country.

Friday, April 10, 2015

Up until 2000, 85% of high school and college graduates with twelve or more years of education had migrated, reveals the study 'Measuring the international mobility of skilled workers'. The paper also shows that El Salvador ranks ninth in the list of countries with the highest rates of emigration of highly educated workers, reaching 31.5%.

Elmundo.com.sv reports that "... This translates today into low labor productivity and low economic growth rates in recent years." Given this, the president of the Central Reserve Bank (BCR), Oscar Cabrera, said "... What we must do is to transform this model into a model where we start generating quality employment, where the labor market is not defined by market forces but by the forces of labor productivity ... "

The analyst and former Minister of Economy Hector Dada Hirezi, added "... There is one factor that explains this phenomenon and which we have to look at properly, it is not market forces. This country exports poor people or people on the brink of poverty so that they can maintain the poor, this is the logic of this (economic) model. Normally those who immigrate are people who are willing to assume changes, in other words, the people who are most useful for promoting a change in the economic model of the country are the people we are losing. "

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