Crops: What to expect From the Weather between May and July 2018

Normal temperature and humidity conditions could increase the incidence and severity of coffee rust, especially in the areas of Honduras, Guatemala, southern Mexico and Nicaragua.

Monday, April 30, 2018

The Climate and Agricultural Health Bulletin, by the International Regional Organization for Agricultural Health, shows the outlook for the climate in the coming months, and details the impact that humidity and rainfall conditions could have on crops and agricultural activity in Central America

See: "The agricultural products that Central America exports"

In the case of agricultural activity, the report details that "... Normal temperature and humidity conditions may increase the incidence and severity of coffee rust (Hemileia vastatrix) especially in the areas of Honduras, Guatemala, southern Mexico and Nicaragua. The same crop may be subject under these conditions to an increase of the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei)."

"... In citrus trees, the presence of new sprouting by the beginning of the rainy season will cause an increase of the HLB vector (Diaphorina citri). In basic grains, the regions whose prognosis is below normal will see greater populations of cogollero (Spodoptera exigua) in corn and sorghum. While in areas with normal to above normal rainfall forecast, an intensification of asphalt spot shoots (Phyllacora maydis) is expected. The yellow sorghum aphid (Melanaphis sacchari) should be monitored and active surveillance should be maintained in its alternate hosts, especially in areas whose precipitation will be normal or below normal. In beans, vascular decay (Fusarium and Rhizoctonia) and angular spot (Phasioriopsis griseola) represent the main risks, according to the experts."

See "Bulletin on Climate and Agricultural Health". (In Spanish)

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