Costa Rica's Enthusiasm for Pacific Alliance Cools

Making it clear that their international trade policies will be more protectionist than those of previous governments, the Solis administration has poured cold water on the accession to the group formed by Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile.

Monday, June 16, 2014


This theme marks the differences within the government of President Luis Guillermo Solis. While the Minister of Foreign Trade (COMEX) Alexander Mora would be inclined to maintain the openness to the world that has characterized Costa Rica in recent years, Luis Felipe Arauz, Minister of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), publicly expressed opposition to entering the block of nations under the current conditions.

An article in reports that "... The Government is reviewing the mechanisms agreed by countries in the Pacific Alliance in order to address sensitive sectors such as agriculture, before giving a yes or no answer to acceding to the group. "

"... After identifying these mechanisms and their application to sensitive sectors, Costa Rica will present its concerns to the presidents of Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile, members of the Alliance, said the Minister of Foreign Trade (Comex), Alexander Mora. "

Solis administration officials say this does not contradict recent statements by the President on his tour of the United States, who supposedly dissipated "... some doubts about the official political support for trade liberalization developed by the country in recent decades. "

More on this topic

Costa Rica: Agro Against Pacific Alliance

April 2015

While the government makes further assessments over joining the bloc, the agribusiness sectors is emphasizing the negative consequences of any renegotiation over tariffs.

Representatives from the agricultural sector argue that the country's entry into the Pacific Alliance will mean "...

Costa Rica: Yes and No to Pacific Alliance

February 2015

Within the Economic Council of Government Luis Guillermo Solís' ministers are divided with some favoring openness to international trade, and others wanting to protect vulnerable sectors.

The Ministry of Foreign Trade, which is in favor of accession, argues that there are free trade agreements with member countries of the Alliance, meaning that they would only be strengthening commercial ties.

Progress in Costa Rica's Entry into Pacific Alliance

January 2015

The government has announced the signing of the process of incorporation, while business associations oppose the increased tariff liberalization which will come from membership of the group.

As part of the agreement of incorporation into the block of Pacific Alliance tariffs must be eliminated on 92% of the products and the remaining 8% will be gradually removed.

Costa Rica: Entry Into Pacific Alliance Under Consultation

October 2014

With opposition from agro-industry, the government has initiated the processes required to join the trade bloc, including a consultation period, which runs until the end of the year.

Entry into the block requires a greater commercial opening than that established in free trade treaties negotiated between Costa Rica and member countries, Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile, which is why productive sectors such as agriculture and industry oppose it.