Costa Rica: Pacific Alliance Divides Entrepreneurs

The retail sector is looking favorably on accession to the bloc, but the agricultural and food industries are opposed to it.

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

The lack of information about how membership has been negotiated and sensitivities presented by some sectors and products in comparison to their peers in the Pacific Alliance are part of the arguments used by agriculture and industry to oppose, at least under the current conditions, the incorporation of Costa Rica into the Alliance.

In addition, the commercial sector has a different viewpoint. In an article in Crhoy Francs Llobet, President of the Chamber of Commerce said: "Accession is a great achievement because 36% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Latin America is made up these four countries and it will allow us to access a larger market and we would be able to sell more to Asia-Pacific. Now we have to work on the modus operandi of the process and start negotiating as with any Free Trade Agreement. "

Juan Rafael Lizano, president of the National Chamber of Agriculture, said: "Our opposition to the Pacific Alliance will stay firm, unless the balance that was achieved for agricultural and fishery products in the negotiation of bilateral agreements with Chile, Mexico, Peru and Colombia is kept and there is no elimination of the protection and exclusion of sensitive products already agreed in bilateral negotiations with each of these countries."



More on this topic

Costa Rica: Agro Against Pacific Alliance

April 2015

While the government makes further assessments over joining the bloc, the agribusiness sectors is emphasizing the negative consequences of any renegotiation over tariffs.

Representatives from the agricultural sector argue that the country's entry into the Pacific Alliance will mean "...

NO to Renegotiating Tariffs in Pacific Agreement

November 2014

The Costa Rican Chamber of the Food Industry states that it would be unacceptable to change the treatment given to the products in existing bilateral treaties.  

From a statement issued by the Costa Rican Chamber of Food Industries (CACIA):

Country should not rush to deprotection of product by joining the Pacific Alliance

Costa Rica: Entry Into Pacific Alliance Under Consultation

October 2014

With opposition from agro-industry, the government has initiated the processes required to join the trade bloc, including a consultation period, which runs until the end of the year.

Entry into the block requires a greater commercial opening than that established in free trade treaties negotiated between Costa Rica and member countries, Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile, which is why productive sectors such as agriculture and industry oppose it.

Pacific Alliance and Costa Rica

February 2014

Colombia, Peru, Chile and Mexico approved the inclusion of Costa Rica to the Partnership Framework Agreement, the first step towards total integration into the block.

From a press release issued by the Presidency of Costa Rica:

Under the VIII Summit of Heads of State of the Pacific Alliance, the President of the Republic, Laura Chinchilla Miranda, along with her counterparts in Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos Calderón, Chile, Sebastián Piñera Echenique, Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto and Peru, Ollanta Humala Tasso signed a Declaration on the Accession of Costa Rica to the Pacific Alliance.

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