Costa Rica: Cattle Herd Grows 5%

Between 2017 and 2018, the number of cattle rose from 1.49 million to 1.58 million, an increase of 5%.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The National Agricultural Survey (ENA) prepared by the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses, specifies that of the total number of cattle counted in 2018, 61.8% corresponds to meat production, 15.8% was allocated to milk production, 22.2% dual purpose and finally, working animals represent 0.2%.

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The document adds that ".... The study indicates that 71.3% of cattle are females, which affects the reproductive and growth capacity of the herd. In 2018, 451 052 animals were born, of which 51.5 % were meat animals, 24.4 % for milk production and 24.1 % for dual purposes.

Regarding the distribution by sex of the animals born, 49.1% were males and 50.9% were females. On the other hand, the loss of animals in the study period reached 69 245 head of cattle. Most of them were beef cattle (55.4%) and milk (24.8%). The main cause of loss in animals under 1 year old was by pests and diseases, which represented 61.1%. For animals from 1 to less than 2 years old, accidents with 34.8% were the main cause. Finally, it was found that the loss of adult animals was due to robbery, theft or piece-off, which represents 32.2%.

The report explains that "... In the case of pigs, it was estimated that the herd is 370 570 animals, of which 86.2% are for meat production. The remaining 13.8% corresponds to pigs for reproductive work, where females or bellies predominate (95.0%).

According to the above, there is an approximate ratio of 19 wombs to each boar. The number of pigs born on the farms was 841 110, giving a ratio of approximately 17 piglets per female. For 2018, the results are presented by the classification of number of wombs according to the Regulation on Pig Farms of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, published in 2012. Table 1 shows the distribution of the average number of births per female, days at weaning and days between weaning and pregnancy.

See full document (in Spanish).

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