Corruption Perception Grows in Central America

In 2019, the perception of corruption in public institutions increased in all countries of the region except Costa Rica, where it remained the same as in 2018.

Thursday, January 23, 2020

As has been the case in recent years, Nicaragua's public sector continues to be perceived as the most corrupt in the region (transparency level 22 on a scale of 0 to 100), followed by Guatemala (26), Honduras (26), Dominican Republic (28), El Salvador (34), Panama (36), and Costa Rica (56).

It may interest you "Corruption as a Habit"

According to Transparency International's annual report, the political and economic crisis in Nicaragua continues to wreak havoc, as "... social discontent and human rights violations are on the rise. Public services and consultative processes in decision-making are deficient in this country."

The report adds that "... With a CPI score of 26, Guatemala significantly lowered its score with a 7-point reduction since 2012. It is very likely that the non-renewal of the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) has had an impact on anti-corruption efforts.

A weak Public Ministry and a dismantled National Civil Police also contribute to this problem. Laws that favor impunity and relevant cases such as "La Línea" impose serious challenges, considering that judges are often under threat.
"

See report and data from 2019.



More on this topic

In Which Countries Has Corruption Increased?

September 2019

The Dominican Republic, Panama and Honduras are the nations in the region where the majority of the population believes that corruption in government institutions has increased in the last twelve months.

The report "Barómetro Global de la Corrupción: América Latina y El Caribe 2019 - Opiniones y Experiencias de los ciudadanos en materia de corrupción" (Global Corruption Barometer: Latin America and the Caribbean 2019 - Opinions and Experiences of Citizens on Corruption), compiled by Transparency International and published on September 23, 2019, evaluated the perception of corruption in the countries of the region and some aspects of insecurity.

Corruption in Central America: Perception or Reality?

January 2019

In 2018, the perception of corruption in public institutions increased in all countries in the region, except Panama, where it remained the same as in 2017, and El Salvador, where it slightly decreased.

As in previous years, Nicaragua's public sector continues to be considered the most corrupt in the region (level of transparency 25 on a scale of 0 to 100), followed by Guatemala (27), Honduras (29), El Salvador (35), Panama (37), and Costa Rica (56).

Corruption Perception in Central America

February 2018

In 2017, the perception of corruption in public institutions increased in all of the countries in the region, with the exception of Guatemala and Nicaragua, where it remained the same as in 2016, and in Costa Rica, where it decreased slightly.

The public sector still perceives Nicaragua to be the most corrupt country (transparency level 26 on a scale from 0 to 100), followed by Guatemala (28), Honduras (29), El Salvador (33), Panama (37) and Costa Rica (59).

Rankings for Administrative and Political Corruption

December 2012

In Central America, in first place is Honduras (133 in the world), then Guatemala (113), Nicaragua (130), El Salvador, Panama (83), and Costa Rica (48).

In Latin America the country where the most corruption in the public sector is perceived is Venezuela (165 in the world), and the place where there is the least is Chile and Uruguay, which share position 20 in the world ranking.

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