Avocado: Costa Rica-Mexico Conflict Resolution Delayed

Mexico asks to inspect Costa Rican farms to determine if it is true that the sustain is not in the crops, to which local producers oppose.

Friday, February 22, 2019

In December 2018, the phytosanitary and livestock authorities of Costa Rica and Mexico agreed on a procedure to end almost four years of trade conflict, which arose from the barriers imposed on the entry of avocado to the Costa Rican market. See "Avocado: End of the Dispute Between Costa Rica and Mexico?"

But now this agreement could be at risk, if the Central American country does not accept the condition imposed by Mexico, which is that U.S. authorities must participate in the evaluation of Costa Rican crops, to determine whether the fruit is pest-free.

Renato Alvarado, Minister of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), told Nacion.com that "... Ticos producers of this fruit reject one of Mexico's conditions: the inspection of Costa Rican farms to determine if it is true that the sustain is not present here, a disease that attacks this product."

Also see "Mexican Avocado Dispute Increases"

After sending a letter to the Mexican authorities, which explains the refusal of Costa Rican farmers to the inspection, Alvarado added that "... I don't know if it's a failure of the negotiated solution that was being sought; what I can say is that Mexico is not going to receive this situation well."

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More on this topic

Avocado Conflict: No Solution Yet

May 2019

Despite the fact that in December it was announced that a WTO panel would be formed to solve Mexico's complaint against Costa Rica, this was only established on May 16 and in the next few days’ meetings will begin to set the calendar for the process.

The unresolved conflict dates back several years, in May 2014, when Costa Rican authorities decided to ban the import of avocado from Mexico, arguing the existence of the disease called sunspot.

Avocado: End of the Dispute Between Costa Rica and Mexico?

February 2019

Authorities from both countries agreed that Costa Rica would accept avocado from Mexico, as long as it has a phytosanitary certificate indicating that the shipment is "symptom-free."

The State Phytosanitary Service (SFE) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) of Costa Rica, managed to agree in December 2018 with the new Mexican authorities, the procedure to end almost four years of trade conflict, which emerged from the barriers imposed on the entry of avocado to the Costa Rican market.

Avocado Conflict: Panel of Arbitrators is Formed

December 2018

The WTO was part of the panel of experts that will resolve Mexico's lawsuit against Costa Rica, arising from the barriers imposed by the Costa Rican authorities to import the fruit.

The trade conflict emerged because of the barriers that Costa Rica imposes since 2014 to the entry of avocado from Mexico.

Mexican Avocado Dispute Increases

November 2018

Because of the problem of the barriers that Costa Rica has imposed since 2014 to the entry of avocado from Mexico remains unsolved, the Mexican authorities asked the WTO to refer the case to an arbitration panel.

The blockade of the Mexican avocado does not end. The Ministry of Foreign Trade (Comex) reported that Mexico requested the WTO to establish a panel of arbitrators to solve the dispute.

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