Controversial Avocado Imports

Following the same strategy that they used to block the entry of Mexican avocados, in Costa Rica local producers of the fruit now want to prevent imports coming in from Peru.

Thursday, September 28, 2017

Producers from the Los Santos area say that the avocados entering the country from Peru are contaminated with the Sunblotch plague, and asked the State Phytosanitary Service to close the Costa Rican market to the Peruvian fruit.

Nacion.com reports that "...After blocking entry of the Mexican fruit, Peru has became one of the two main suppliers of Hass fruit for Costa Rica (the other is Chile). Importers say that the shopping window runs from March to September and according to a CNP market study, in the first half of this year, 14% of the imports were fruit from that country and in the period January-June 2016, the figure was 43%."

See: "Avocado in Costa Rica: Something Smells Fishy"

The director of the SFE, Marco Vinicio Jiménez, "... said on the afternoon of Wednesday, September 27, that a measure of market closure is not activated just because a group requests it. That requires, he added, an investigation and then the application of a protocol by which the affected country is notified and its defence must be received."

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More on this topic

Avocado: Costa Rica-Mexico Conflict Resolution Delayed

February 2019

Mexico asks to inspect Costa Rican farms to determine if it is true that the sustain is not in the crops, to which local producers oppose.

In December 2018, the phytosanitary and livestock authorities of Costa Rica and Mexico agreed on a procedure to end almost four years of trade conflict, which arose from the barriers imposed on the entry of avocado to the Costa Rican market.

Costa Rica Could Start Importing Mexican Avocados Again

March 2017

Importers could assume the cost of a laboratory test to determine the absence of the sunblotch disease so that the SFE can authorize entry into the country.

The proposal was raised by the SFE in a meeting held with Mexican authorities in late February.

Avocado and the High Cost of Protectionism

February 2017

In Costa Rica since the government suspended imports of Mexican avocados in May 2014, the average wholesale price of the fruit went up by 19% in 2015 and 16% last year.

Since the country stopped the imports of mexican avocados because of the alleged presence of the sunblotch plague, the price of this fruit in the local market has kept on rising. Although avocados are now imported from seven different countries, total imports have fallen 25% since then, and the average price has recorded since then an annual increase of 18%.

Avocadoes in Costa Rica: An Interfered With Market

April 2016

The ban on Mexican avocado has led to an increase in imports from Chile, raising its wholesale price by more than 30%, and will cause shortages when locally produced supplies have been exhausted.

Protectionism for the Costa Rican production of avocados introduced by the Solis administration, arguing phytosanitary measures, achieved results that benefited local producers, such as increasing the price of the product and a decline in import volumes (13,061 tons in 2013 vs . 11,187 in 2015). But what is good for the local producer, is bad for consumers who are forced to pay more for the fruit, as well as seeing their right to choose what to consume violated, and eventually being prevented from simply consuming anything at all because there is no supply.

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