Agricultural Productivity Not Improving

The productivity goals set by the Solis administration for production of maize, rice, potato and beans in Costa Rica, will stay only on paper.

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

The the current government's proposion on assuming power in 2014 was to raise agricultural productivity, mainly from the cultivation of grains such as rice, maize and beans, but everything seems to indicate that it will be an almost impossible task. And although the government blames the climate, which may have had an effect, the reality of recent years shows that lack of agricultural productivity in Costa Rica is more linked to structural factors, such as production costs, than to other factors, such as the weather.

See also "Costa Rica: In Depth Analysis of Agriculture in 2016"

In the case of rice, Nacion.com explains that " ... the current government intends to increase productivity to 4.6 tons per hectare, starting from a base of 3.8 tons per hectare. But, in 2016, grain yields closed at 3.84 tonnes per hectare ... ".

"... Another proposal was to raise yields in bean production from a base of 0.7 tonnes per hectare to 0.79 tonnes per hectare in 2016 and to 0.92 tonnes per hectare by 2018. At the end of last year, productivity of this basic grain stood at 0.73 tons per hectare.

"...The results in white corn are more demoralising. They started from a base of 2.5 tons per hectare with the aspiration of raising this to 2.8 in 2016, but the result was 2.48 tons per hectare, even lower than the base."

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More on this topic

El Salvador Produces Fewer Grains

April 2017

Maize production declined from 20.4 million hundredweight in the 2012/13 harvest to 15.6 million in the 2015/16 cycle, and yield per cultivated hectare has also declined.

In the case of beans, figures from the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) show greater variability, depending on the bean and crop variety, as some have reported better results. However, bean productivity has deteriorated in recent harvests.  Laprensagrafica.com reports that "... performance went from 15.1 hundredweight per hectare on average in the 2014/15 season, to 13.1 in the 2015/16 cycle."

Central America: Rates and Trends for Basic Grains

September 2016

Behavior and price trends in production of white corn, black and red beans, wheat and rice in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean in June 2016.

From the Regional report on the Basic Grains Market in June 2016:

In Mesoamerica and the Caribbean in May 2016 white maize prices showed stable trends compared to April 2016, despite declining regional supply due to the completion of harvests and reduced inventories from 2015, but these were offset by world imports. In beans, stable prices were observed, not greatly affected by the losses in Apante and with a slight reduction in prices in Costa Rica and Mexico. In general, black bean prices have been favored by imports, and the use of substitute products as in the case in Haiti.  Rice prices have remained stable in most countries, except Haiti where there was an increase due to the depreciation of Haitian local currency.  

Agro of El Salvador: Numbers up to October 2015

November 2015

Statistics on agriculture and livestock production, market price trends and maps for basic grain production in the country.

From the Agricultural Statistics Yearbook 2014-2015 ":

The Agricultural Statistics Yearbook, a publication by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), through the Directorate General of Agricultural Economics (DGEA), aims to present a set of statistics which characterize the agricultural sector in El Salvador.

Rice in Panama: Price Increase for Producers

August 2015

Despite the fact that grain imports continues to increase, an agreement has been made to raise the price per hundredweight of rice paid by industrial producers to $24.5.

In their enthusiasm to protect domestic agricultural production, the Ministry of Agricultural Development has agreed with producers to increase the price paid per hundredweight of rice produced to $24.50.

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