Supply in the academic sector has grown considerably and it is necessary to discern among what is serious, commercial and even the mere sale of diplomas.
The analysis by Oscar Picardo Joao, published in La Prensa Gráfica, begins by noting that "there is currently a deep concern about the quality, validity and legitimacy of international academic programs and degrees. A large number of international academic programs (virtual, semi-physical and physical) are emerging in Latin America. The expansion of new academic networks is a fact; depending on the legal or educational vulnerability of the countries, there are more and more offers for undergraduate and graduate degrees appearing that provide programs with opportunities and benefits including dual or triple degrees, less physical attendance and expedited processing."
The sustained growth of corporate communications in Latin America is food for thought, in the academic world as well as the corporate one, says Gustavo Manrique Salas in a column in the Panamanian newspaper La Prensa.
"In the academic sector the interest is worth noting," he says.
"In the last few months I have had the opportunity of taking part in a series of chats about communication strategies, in post-graduate studies at the Univeridad Interamericana and the Universidad Santa María la Antigua.
The study shows the lack of professionals in the area of environmental protection and maritime port sector.
Data came from the "Progress and Projected University Academic Offers Related to the Development of the Country" study conducted by the Institute for Training and Development of Human Resources (IFARHU).
Unions and industry officials agreed on a new wage scale that indicates a minimum of $700 for the Grade 1 and $1,500 for Grade 8.
An article on Prensa.com reports that "... After six months of negotiations the MOH, SSC and CONAGREPROTSA signed a pay scale agreement which substantially improves wages paid to professionals and health technicians in the service of the state.
The president of the Panama's National Institute of Lawyers has criticized legal qualifications awarded after only two years of study.
While students at Panama's state university graduate after seven years, some private universities award degrees after only two. The concern is that these new legal professionals are not receiving adequate training.
In Costa Rica civil servants earn on average 150% more than workers in the private sector, which contributes decisively to the growth of inequality and lowers the overall competitiveness of human resources.
The communication and technology sector predicts that for the next two years it will hire more technical staff and university graduates than licensed professionals with master's degrees or doctorates.
The need for staff with technical rather than academic skills continues to grow in the field of technology and communications. A study by the Chamber of Information Technology and Communication concludes that only 2% of companies in the technology sector in the country plan to hire professionals with a PhD, while only 32% said they expected to hire graduates.
In these times of crisis the need to be better academically prepared is more clear, and how to go about doing it requires an in-depth analysis.
Nancy Cueto, the director of International Development at IE University, notes in her article published in Americaeconomia.com: “Graduate studies are always a boost in any professional career, but the extra benefit depends on having the right focus and if the investment in this level of education is really more profitable.”
The private sector is proposing that universities develop courses at a technical level in areas such as electronics or hospitality, rather than just focusing on higher level academic degrees and diplomas.
This shift in the educational system which it is hoped will happen in universities would need to be a public-private joint effort, since, according to presidential advisor Bayardo Arce, "... Low levels of science, technology and innovation have affected economic development .... "
The Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala (USAC, University of San Carlos of Guatemala) was one of the earliest universities to be founded in the Americas. It was decreed a university on January 31, 1676 by royal command of King Charles II of Spain. It had previously been known as the Escuela de Santo Tomás (School of Saint Thomas), founded in 1562 by the priest Francisco Marroquín. The University finally gained international acceptance by Official Decree from Pope Innocent XI, on June 18, 1687.
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