The textile industry has proposed that the government implement labor schemes with flexible hours, allowing plants to operate on shifts of up to 14 and 16 hours.
The proposal involves establishing modern labor schemes, as implemented in other markets, said Patricia Figueroa, executive director of the Chamber of the Textiles, Clothing and Free Zones of El Salvador. With this plan different employees work in plants in longer shifts, allowing better utilization of productive resources.
Industrialists are asking for inclusion in the Labour Code a 12 hour work day, and in cases in where the law permits, annualized hours.
From a statement issued by the Chamber of Industries (ICRC):
July 2014. In the view of the ICRC establishing additional rules for working time in Costa Rican legislation represents an excellent option for generating higher quality employment opportunities, while at the same time allowing firms to improve their production levels.
Extending the deadline for the end of the validity of the law does not meet businesses need for certainty regarding the permanence of a system which is considered successful.
Congress has approved the extension until December 31, 2013 of the term of the Employment Paid By Hours Act which would have ended in two months.
This law was created in 2010 and its duration was originally 36 months meaning that it would have come to an end in November, however, the National Congress of Honduras gave its approval for it to remain in force for another month.
Employers have requested that the temporary law whose validity will expire in two months be made permanent.
The Ministry of Labour and Social Security has also asked for the entry into force of the National Employment By Hours Programme which according to official statistics has reduced unemployment by 3.6%, generating about 155,000 jobs. According to Labor Minister Jorge Bográn, it is important to ensure the stability of the program, if not these positions could be lost and there would be no room for new applicants.
Rigid working structures remains an obstacle to be overcome by women, even though new technologies have made working conditions more flexible in the world.
According to Sonia Vanegas, country manager of Manpower, at a global level, for several years many companies have started to promote policies that are friendly to women's performance. "Many women still fail to establish the balance between personal and professional life due to, among other things, rigid schedules that keep them stuck in the office," says Vanegas.
Arguing lack of regulations, the Labor Ministry of Costa Rica has rejected requests for reducing the working day.
While Congress studied a Labor Flexibility Law project, the ministry rejected 20 requests by companies from different sectors, who solicited authorization for reducing wages and working time of their employees.
In response to the economic crisis the Government is proposing to make the work day more flexible in order to minimize layoffs.
According to nacion.com "the bill proposes creating new two work days: a 12 hour day with 3 free days per week and an annualized work day. This will allow for 10 hours when there is a lot of work and a maximum of six during the low season, and this way the workers will at no time get less than the minimum wage.
The huge demand for services has forced banks to extend their business hours and are now working overtime at many of their branches.
Big banks such as Cuscatlán, General, Credicorp, Global Bank, HSBC-Banistmo, Bac International, Banvivienda and even the National
Bank of Panama, have extended their opening hours from 5pm to 6 pm, some are even opened until 7 pm.
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