A greater amount of private investment, mainly in construction and infrastructure and transport, explained most of the interannual increase of 11% in formal employment up to December 2016.
Up to December last year companies in the sectors of construction and infrastructure and transport workers increased their payroll by 22% and 20%, respectively, according to figures from the Nicaraguan Institute of Social Security.
Panama's improvement in the availability index of skilled labor, does not respond to an increase in supply, but to a drop in demand because of a slowdown in the economy.
An article on Panamaamerica.com.pa details the results obtained from the Talent Shortage Survey conducted by Manpower, noting that "... Panama has reduced its deficit of talent and skilled labor by 12 percentage points during the last year, going from 58% to 46%, however, the causes are not so encouraging, since the reduction is due to a decrease in the search for personnel by companies. "
An official report reveals that Costa Rican government officials get sick five times more than those in the private sector.
Data from the Central Evaluation Commission on Disabilities of the Costa Rican Social Security Department (CCSS) indicate that during 2014 the average number of days that each civil servant was incapacitated by illness was five times higher than the average number of days each private sector worker was absent from their duties due to illness.
In advanced economies employment is becoming less stable while those in developing economies are focusing on public policies, which stimulates the growth of informality and, paradoxically, unemployment.
"It's the economy, stupid."
We will use the now famous phrase coined during Bill Clinton campaign against George Bush, to highlight the paternalistic voluntarism which is fashionable in most of the countries of the region, the only effect it has is to marginalize the formal production economy for more and more people, with an impoverishing final effect. Globalization requires more and more competition, which can only be achieved with maximum flexibility using all resources, including human ones. This, which in itself is inhumane, is a reality that should not be overlooked in the definition and implementation of public employment policies, if they are to be successful and sustainable.
Only three out of ten people are employed formally, while the labor participation of women is half that of men, among other reasons, because labor legislation has rigidities that inhibit their employment.
From a statement issued by the Salvadoran Foundation for Economic and Social Development (FUSADES):
Product marketing companies are paying the highest average monthly salary, of $2,234, followed by those in the technology and communications sector, with $2,172, and thirdly, service companies, with $2,008.
A study by Talent Partner carried out for La Nacion indicates that in general "...
The National Insurance Institute (Instituto Nacional de Seguros) has established a technical standard on the conditions which companies must meet in relation to occupational insurance for their staff.
The National Insurance Institute of Costa Rica has ruled on the provisions of the Labour Code to ensure the provision of cash benefits, medical and health benefits and rehabilitation, as well as the financial strength of the regime.
A strike has been announced as part of the negotiation of a collective agreement, bringing risk to one of the most dynamic sectors of the Panamanian economy.
In the absence of an agreement between the Panamanian Chamber of Construction (CAPAC) and the Trade Union of Construction Workers and Similar (Suntracs) to sign the collective agreement, the union has announced strikes in the sector.
Demands are for a reduction of hours to 40 per week but with pay for 45 hours and companies to take on transportation and food costs.
Construction workers are demanding a reduction of their working hours to 40 hours, but with payment corresponding to a 45 business hour week. They also want companies to assume the costs of food for employees, as well as transport and delivery of 5 uniforms twice a year.
The law on flexible labor passed in 2010 was valid for three years and now its extension has provoked opposition from worker unions seeking its repeal.
Representatives from several labor unions asked the president Porfirio Lobo to repeal the Employment Act which was extended on 18 January before he leaves the Government. Trade unions believe that the rule violates the Labor Code and curtails the rights of workers.
Young people studying in municipalities in inland Nicaragua are not connected to what is being produced nor the employment on offer in those areas.
This was explained by the study entitled "Identifying Business Opportunities and Employment for Adolescents and Young Men and Women" carried out in 15 Nicaraguan municipalities by the humanitarian organization Plan International.
Between January and August 2013 there were 183,562 employment contracts, of which 69,830 were for an indefinite period and 59,763 for fixed work.
The Economic activities which report the most amount of contracts in that period were hotels and restaurants, manufacturing, service, finance and insurance, transport, storage and mail, information, communication, and others, according to the Ministry of Labour and Development (Mitradel) .
A professional degree used to be a guarantee of social mobility and prestige, but the current labour market pays little for some of them.
The labor market can be compared to the commercial market. Salaries are defined by the evolution of supply and demand. When supply is greater than demand, salaries are lowered and when demand is greater than supply, wages rise.