Maize production declined from 20.4 million hundredweight in the 2012/13 harvest to 15.6 million in the 2015/16 cycle, and yield per cultivated hectare has also declined.
In the case of beans, figures from the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) show greater variability, depending on the bean and crop variety, as some have reported better results.However, bean productivity has deteriorated in recent harvests. Laprensagrafica.com reports that"... performance went from 15.1 hundredweight per hectare on average in the 2014/15 season, to 13.1 in the 2015/16 cycle."
In 2016 a record 120 million boxes of 18 kilos were exported, generating revenues of $986 million, and productivity rose from 2,339 boxes per hectare in 2015 to 2,800 last year.
2016 was a good year for the banana sector in Costa Rica, which registered a significant rise compared to results seen in previous years.Compared to 2015 not only did overall productivity improve, but sales grew in value and volume.
A proposal has been made to create "intermediate cities" in nine areas of the country, in order to bring remote rural areas closer to urban areas where productive development has historically been focused.
From a statement issued by Fundesa:
The proposal to be presented this year in ENADE 2016 has 3 components and is called Strategy 911: Promoting 9 territories identified as Intermediate Cities, promoting the development of 11 production clusters with an impact on job creation and addressing the 11 bottlenecks preventing growth of these sectors.All of this comes under the initiative "Let's Improve Guate" which seeks to reduce poverty through the generation of productive employment for the more than 150,000 young people who join the workforce every year.
Increasing the percentage of deliveries and optimizing the use of fodder will help raise productivity and improve conditions for competing with other export markets.
A pilot plan which is being promoted by the Livestock Corporation (CORFOGA) and which is already being implemented in 93 producing farms aims to improve productivity in cattle breeding and milk in the country.
The Morales administration intends to raise the GDP growth rate from 3.8% in 2016 to 5.1% in 2021 and increase the rate of annual investment from 3.9% to 7.4% in the public sector and 4, 5% to 7.5% in the private sector.
Productivity of beef, pork and onions improved between May 2015 and April 2016, while projected goals were not achieved for rice, beans and white corn.
The goals set at the beginning of the Solis management to facilitate conditions for raising agricultural productivity have been met by half, since of the products identified as "sensitive" because of strong competition faced externally, only beef, pork and onions managed to exceed the targets set for the first year.
The annual growth rate of output per worker in Panama has tripled compared to that of Costa Rica after the 2008/09 crisis, Guatemala's grew by just 1%, and other countries maintained similar values to 2004.
From the V Report on the State of the Region 2016:
According to estimates based on data from Cepal, productivity per worker in Central America is below the average for Latin America, which in 2010 was $30,000.Panama and Costa Rica are the closest, with levels above $20,000.The other countries are far from reaching the average: in Guatemala and El Salvador GDP per worker is around $8,500 and in Nicaragua and Honduras it is $3,500 and $5,000, respectively (Figure 4.23).
Increased acreage did not offset the effects of drought which caused a 11% drop in production in 2015/16.
In the 2015/16 season productivity fell by 16% compared to the previous harvest, going from 1,524 hundredweight per hectare in the previous harvest to 1,273 hundredweight per hectare in the current one.
Aside from these results, the Nicaraguan sugar industry estimates that the results of the next harvest will be better because of the projected increase in rainfall over the coming months.
The implementation of adequate irrigation infrastructure would provide the conditions needed to produce year-round, raising the productivity of Nicaraguan agriculture.
Lack of infrastructure is preventing taking advantage of the potential of rainwater in the agricultural sector, which relying solely on rain, is able to grow only once year, in the winter period.Data provided by Santiago Jaramillo, agronomist at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) indicates that the yield (kg / ha) of crops such as corn and beans could rise from 2125 to 9100in the first case and 675-1500 in the second case.
Producers in Chiriqui intend to expand production, increase productivity, and build their own refinery.
An article on Laestrella.com.pa reports that "...Palm oil producers in the province of Chiriqui, grouped into different cooperatives operating in the district of Baru, are aiming to increase productivity and also have their own refinery, in order to be more competitive. "
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