A bill proposes banning for 25 years the development of hydroelectric projects and concessions for extraction of mineral materials in the course of the Naranjo River in Puntarenas.
Members who proposed the bill argue that it is necessary to establish this prohibition due to the damage and contamination observed in the Manuel Antonio National Park due to the "... indiscriminate exploitation of the Naranjo River."
The Municipality of Los Chiles, in Alajuela, has suspended for five years the granting of permits for the expansion of pineapple crops.
The City Council agreed to stop issuing permits for the cultivation of pineapple in the canton with the aim of carrying out hydrogeological studies to assess the degree of soil erosion and"... the degree of contamination of water sources in the zone".
In Guatemala academics are trying to halt the mining industry while new rules for the sector are studied, instead of making concrete proposals to correct what needs to be corrected.
An academic consortium is proposing that the State of Guatemala turn its back on an industry that generates employment and income and suspend the granting of mining concessions in the country. Although the Morales administration has already rejected the possibility of a mining moratorium, the Central American Institute for Fiscal Studies (Icefi) and the Danish development organization IBIS still insist on calling a halt until a study of the sector is carried out.
The measure which has paralyzed multiple investments remains in force because of administrative delays in the adoption of the rules that will govern the transformation of solid waste into electricity.
It has been noted that the document which contains the rules for this activity was ready three months ago, though Environment Minister Edgar Gutierrez, reported that "... we expected it soon to be stamped and signed."
A bill intends to declare a moratorium on the granting of concessions for water use across the country for a period of at least three years.
From a statement issued by the National Assembly of Panama:
As part of the celebration of Earth Day, the Commission on Population and Environment is promoting a legislative initiative to declare a moratorium on granting concessions for water use throughout the national territory.
The Municipality of Upala has approved a five-year moratorium on the granting of permits for construction of hydroelectric dams on territory in the canton in the province of Alajuela.
Covered by declaration of the moratorium, the municipality will be carrying out studies to determine the environmental and social impact of the dams operating in the canton, which are Canalete II, Los Negros I and Cote. The municipality argues that the results of the studies will determine whether it is feasible or not to approve new projects in the future. The moratorium will take effect after being published in the official newspaper.
The Ministry of Health has announced that the new regulations governing the generation of energy from biomass by municipalities will be ready in March.
Ameliarueda.com reports that "... Since last year an executive decree has been in effect which establishes a moratorium on any attempt to generate electricity from waste materials, however, the new rules allows for a repeal, since one of the conditions was that a regulation be applied to govern such processes."
While the Congress of Costa Rica is preparing to vote on a four year moratorium on the cultivation of GM crops, the scientific evidence that they pose no risk to animal or human health is increasing.
The article published in Elfinancierocr.com by Keilor Rojas reports on a study carried out by geneticists at the University of California-Davis that based on "... animal feed data from 1983, about 13 years before the introduction of GM crops, until 2011, " it has been concluded that" ... the performance and health of animals fed on GM crops does not differ from animals fed on non-GM crops."
A recently passed tax moratorium law includes several changes related to public finances, the Canal contributions and even exemptions for agricultural, livestock and aquaculture.
The passage of the taxmoratoriumlaw brought changes that support the State not only in increase the level of debt to GDP, but also includes tax adjustments and the fact that "... in the event that contributions by the Panama Canal Authority (ACP) are less than the percentage specified in paragraph 2 of Article 3 of the Law of Panama Savings Fund, which is 3.5% of gross domestic product (GDP), which this year could reach 47.459 million, the difference would be paid with debt .... This means that the economic resources not provided by the ACP will be borne by the non-financial public sector (NFPS). "
Once it has been enacted by the executive, the moratorium law will be in effect until the last working day of the year and can be exercised by taxpayers who are in arrears up until September 30, 2014.
The law which provides exemptions from penalties, interest or fines was approved on its third reading by the National Assembly of Panama and will become effective one day after its enactment. The beneficiaries are taxpayers in arrears up until September 30, 2014 and those who are in dispute with the Directorate General of Revenue (DGI), the Tax Court and the Supreme Administrative Court.
Up until December 31, 2015 a moratorium will be in effect on the payment of the 13% sales tax on recreational tourism activities in Costa Rica.
The tourism sector will accept the new tax on their terms: desiring an alternative draft law as soon as possible, which exempts legislative procedures and exonerates the charges made before the moratorium.
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