In 2015 the region as a whole imported $96 million worth of processed meat, led by El Salvador, which imported $25 million, followed by Guatemala with $22 million, and Honduras, with $16 million.
Figures onForeign Trade in Sausages Meat and Similar Products in Central America,analyzed by the Business Intelligence Unit at CentralAmericaData.com show that in 2015 the countries of Central America imported 33,528 tons of processed meat, equivalent to $96 million.
An increased supply of imported pork has caused a general price reduction and increased annual per capita consumption by two kilos.
Demand for pork in Costa Rica increased from 11 kilograms (kg) per capita in 2014 to 13 kg per capita in 2015, according to figures from the Costa Rican Chamber of Pork Producers (Caporc) cited by Nacion.com.
Imports of pork from Chile have grown and local pork producers are asking the government for actions to be taken to protect them from the competition.
Problems of competitiveness are emerging for some sectors of the Costa Rican agro/livestock production, as entrepreneurs from other countries with which it has free trade agreements -in this case Chile - are taking advantage of opportunities provided by those treaties.
The Ministry of Agriculture has declared an alert over animal health and banned the import of eggs and poultry from several US states due to avian influenza detected there.
From a statement issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG):
In order to protect poultry and so that El Salvador is not affected by avian influenza, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) has declared an animal health alert across the country, and prohibited the importeggs and poultry from the United States without proper sanitation procedures.