The government has been presented with a proposal for comprehensive reform of the state which includes issues such as flexible working hours and the opening of the electricity and hydrocarbons markets.
The textile industry has proposed that the government implement labor schemes with flexible hours, allowing plants to operate on shifts of up to 14 and 16 hours.
The proposal involves establishing modern labor schemes, as implemented in other markets, said Patricia Figueroa, executive director of the Chamber of the Textiles, Clothing and Free Zones of El Salvador. With this plan different employees work in plants in longer shifts, allowing better utilization of productive resources.
Unions reject a proposal by industrialists to work 4 days and rest 3 days, whle the government describes it as a "sensitive" issue.
The Minister of Labour, Victor Morales, told Crhoy.com that "....These proposals concerning working hours require legislative amendment, they need a reform of the Labour Code to be approved in the Legislature ... I proposed to the Chamber of Industries ... that these issues must be subject to tripartite dialogue (between employers, workers and government). "
Industrialists are asking for inclusion in the Labour Code a 12 hour work day, and in cases in where the law permits, annualized hours.
From a statement issued by the Chamber of Industries (ICRC):
July 2014. In the view of the ICRC establishing additional rules for working time in Costa Rican legislation represents an excellent option for generating higher quality employment opportunities, while at the same time allowing firms to improve their production levels.
The law on flexible labor passed in 2010 was valid for three years and now its extension has provoked opposition from worker unions seeking its repeal.
Representatives from several labor unions asked the president Porfirio Lobo to repeal the Employment Act which was extended on 18 January before he leaves the Government. Trade unions believe that the rule violates the Labor Code and curtails the rights of workers.
While the unemployment rate remains the lowest in Latin America, an even greater level of preparedness of the workforce is needed to achieve dynamic and sustainable growth.
According to an article in Capital.com.pa the rate of employment growth is no longer parallel to economic growth, noting that "According to official figures, between March 2012 and March 2013 there was a decrease in the labour force of nearly 7,000 jobs. "
Extending the deadline for the end of the validity of the law does not meet businesses need for certainty regarding the permanence of a system which is considered successful.
Congress has approved the extension until December 31, 2013 of the term of the Employment Paid By Hours Act which would have ended in two months.
This law was created in 2010 and its duration was originally 36 months meaning that it would have come to an end in November, however, the National Congress of Honduras gave its approval for it to remain in force for another month.
Employers have requested that the temporary law whose validity will expire in two months be made permanent.
The Ministry of Labour and Social Security has also asked for the entry into force of the National Employment By Hours Programme which according to official statistics has reduced unemployment by 3.6%, generating about 155,000 jobs. According to Labor Minister Jorge Bográn, it is important to ensure the stability of the program, if not these positions could be lost and there would be no room for new applicants.
Rigid working structures remains an obstacle to be overcome by women, even though new technologies have made working conditions more flexible in the world.
According to Sonia Vanegas, country manager of Manpower, at a global level, for several years many companies have started to promote policies that are friendly to women's performance. "Many women still fail to establish the balance between personal and professional life due to, among other things, rigid schedules that keep them stuck in the office," says Vanegas.
The multinational plans to change the working culture by implementing a "role models and flexible schedules based on achievement of specific objectives."
Fabricio Kaplan Vice President of Human Resources at Unilever Central America, the Caribbean and Andean, explained in an interview conducted by Humberto Galo for Laprensa.com.ni that they are using in Nicaragua a new form of work already deployed in Colombia which "aims to change the work culture by implementing role models and flexible schedules based on achievement of specific objectives. "
Information technologies encourage flexible employment schemes which improve quality of life for workers and boost productivity for organizations.
An analysis by Sonia Vanegas, Director of the Business Unit at Manpower Group Nicaragua, in Laprensa.com.ni, outlines that as "the industrial era transformed traditional ways of working, pulling people from their workshops to concentrate in factories and hold them to certain structured work schedules so today the Human Age, supported by information technology, is doing the same by encouraging flexible employment schemes that improve quality of life for employees and productivity for organizations. "
Brands like Adidas, American Eagle Outfitters, Gap, Liz Claiborne, Nike, Phillips-Van Heusen and Vanity Fair asked the Government of Guatemala to review labor laws.
A group of U.S. retailers and brands such as Adidas, American Eagle Outfitters, Gap, Liz Claiborne, Nike, Phillips-Van Heusen (PVH) and Vanity Fair (VF) said they want to see a "timely resolution" to the labor demands presented in 2008 against Guatemala under the framework of DR-CAFTA.
The Chamber of the Textiles, Clothing and Free Zones has presented a new proposal for the sector.
In 2010 the chamber had proposed a change in working hours from the 3.5 x 3.5 scheme, which means that employees work three and a half days and then rest for the same period of time, to change to working eight to twelve hours daily. This proposal has not been approved by the Ministry of Labour.