For every ten professionals in demand by private companies in Costa Rica between 2014 and 2016, 7 were computer and software engineers.
The growing demand for professionals in careers related to engineering, especially in the area of computing and software development, contrasts increasingly with the demand for professionals in other disciplines, such as social work, which are losing ground as the use of information technologies advances.
Projections are that for the five year period between 2015-2020 there will be a shortfall of 70,000 workers in the sectors of construction, logistics, tourism and agriculture.
According to the National Competitiveness Center, in the specified period there will be a shortage of workers especially in the logistics sector, where they will need at least 35,000 technicians, ie 49.5%, while in the construction area demand will be for around 28,000 people, representing 40.3%. In the case of the tourism sector it is estimated that it will require approximately 4,113 technicians, ie 5.7% and in agriculture about 3,203, the remaining 4.5%.
First Quantum has announced that operations at the mine in Panama have temporarily stopped due to an illegal work strike by the employees involved in the project.
From a press release issued by First Quantum Minerals Ltd.:
"First Quantum Minerals Ltd. ("First Quantum" or "the Company") (TSX: FM) (LSE: FQM) today announced that activity has stopped the in the Cobre Panama project due to an illegal work strike by some members of the workforce.
In the last few years, there has been a pronounced change in the Costa Rican economy with more jobs going to bilingual people who are technically skilled or have a specialized profile.
The Costa Rican economy's globalized approach, accentuated in promoting exports and attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) has diversified and expanded demand for a workforce specializing in technology, industrial engineering, electricity, electromechanics, mechatronics and in administration certifications and English language as prerequisites for added value. Companies have also changed the weight they give to applicants, now giving 60% to knowledge and 40% to skills.
Eleven business chambers are insisting that the reforms to the Labor Code incite illegal strikes.
Nacion.com reports: "The amendments were approved unanimously by the Legal Affairs Committee of Congress, on August 1st, and have already been presented to the plenary."
"The chambers are opposed to the reforms regarding strikes, unions and syndicated workers, which are strengthened at the expense of standing committees (promoted by solidarism), something that encourages protests".
With the implementation of a new Labor Code, a process which previously took four years to complete can now be done in just over an hour.
According to the judge Mayra Woo, head of Fifth District Labour Court of Managua, this agility is thanks to the implementation of the Procedure Code, which came into effect on June 28 and aims to promote transparency, orality and immediacy.
Engineers in different specialties, sales representatives and administrative assistants, who are all fluent in English, are those most in demand.
The Talent Shortage Survey, conducted by ManpowerGroup Costa Rica among 620 employers, found that in the case of university courses "engineering (with their different emphases) is the only one that stands out in the list of jobs in demand this year ... ", reported Nacion.com.
The U.S. is withdrawing from suing the Guatemalan State for breach of labor rules before an international tribunal provided by the DR-CAFTA.
"In order to prevent the creation of an international panel that could lead to Guatemala paying a penalty of up to $15 million for violating labor laws, the Government has agreed with the United States to abide by a commitment to a plan to implement policies respecting these rules ", reported Prensalibre.com.
In Latin America the growth of air services is from 6 to 8% per year, and the forecast is that it will accelerate to 12 or 14% in the next 5-10 years.
An article in Capital.com reports that "It is expected that demand for air travel in Latin America will exceed that of other regions in the next 20 years, which will be a challenge for Latin American airlines in terms of the use of advanced technology, increasingly reliable security systems and first class service for customers so as to compete in this dynamic market, issues that are being examined during the ninth forum of the Latin American and Caribbean Air Transport Association (ALTA) which is taking place from today in Panama City . "
Local and U.S. labor unions have filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Labor for breach of the rules established under DR-CAFTA.
The U.S. Department of Labor has agreed to review a union complaint against the government of Tegucigalpa for breach of labor laws under the free trade agreement DR-CAFTA, according to an official announcement released today.
Guatemala is preparing a plan to inspect factories in order to avoid a possible arbitration, forced by the US, for non-compliance of labor standards under CAFTA.
The Labour Ministry is preparing a program to inspect working conditions in the textile factories which could take six months to complete. The plan must conform to the standards set by enterprises under the 29-89 scheme (Law on Promotion of Export Activity and Maquilas).
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