Unions reject a proposal by industrialists to work 4 days and rest 3 days, whle the government describes it as a "sensitive" issue.
The Minister of Labour, Victor Morales, told Crhoy.com that "....These proposals concerning working hours require legislative amendment, they need a reform of the Labour Code to be approved in the Legislature ... I proposed to the Chamber of Industries ... that these issues must be subject to tripartite dialogue (between employers, workers and government). "
Industrialists are asking for inclusion in the Labour Code a 12 hour work day, and in cases in where the law permits, annualized hours.
From a statement issued by the Chamber of Industries (ICRC):
July 2014. In the view of the ICRC establishing additional rules for working time in Costa Rican legislation represents an excellent option for generating higher quality employment opportunities, while at the same time allowing firms to improve their production levels.
Between March 2013 and March 2014 participation in the labor market went up by 2.5%, from 61.8% to 64.3% of the population.
Despite the slowdown in economic activity seen in recent months, activity in the labor market continues to grow, especially with the addition of more people of working age and a reduction in the unemployment rate of 3.2% to 3.1%.
While the unemployment rate remains the lowest in Latin America, an even greater level of preparedness of the workforce is needed to achieve dynamic and sustainable growth.
According to an article in Capital.com.pa the rate of employment growth is no longer parallel to economic growth, noting that "According to official figures, between March 2012 and March 2013 there was a decrease in the labour force of nearly 7,000 jobs. "
In an economy with a high amount of available jobs, the 57,000 resignations registered from January to May reveal a high level of job instability, which hurts both employers and employees.
Between January and May this year there were about 57,000 renunciations, which is about 3000 more than in the same period of 2012, mainly by people aged between 18 and 35. The predominant cause is the search for better wages and working conditions.
In the first seven months of the year, 235, 529 employment contracts were made, 17, 406 more than in the same period in 2011.
A press release from the Ministry of Economy and Finance of Panama reads:
The Ministry of Labor and Workforce Development, recorded between January and July 2012, about 235,529 employment contracts, contracts 17,406 more than in the first seven months of 2011, as announced by the department of economic research at the Ministry of Economy and Finance, in a report.
Brands like Adidas, American Eagle Outfitters, Gap, Liz Claiborne, Nike, Phillips-Van Heusen and Vanity Fair asked the Government of Guatemala to review labor laws.
A group of U.S. retailers and brands such as Adidas, American Eagle Outfitters, Gap, Liz Claiborne, Nike, Phillips-Van Heusen (PVH) and Vanity Fair (VF) said they want to see a "timely resolution" to the labor demands presented in 2008 against Guatemala under the framework of DR-CAFTA.
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