On January 10 Government Agreement No. 3-2017 concerning amendments to Government Agreement No. 533-89 "Regulations of the Law on the Promotion and Development of Export and Maquila Activities" was published in the official newspaper.
If the United States withdraws from the Transpacific Agreement, there will be less risk of competition from Asian countries for the Central American textile industry.
If the US does eventually abandon the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), as promised by President-elect Donald Trump, the Central American textile industry could benefit from the elimination of the possibility that the US, its main market, will buy textiles from Vietnam at lower prices.Since the start of negotiations for the TPP, the Central American textile industry has tried to negotiate bilaterally with the US in order to minimize the negative effects that the TPP could have on the industry in the region.
The textile sector claims that the high cost of electricity in the country has become a limiting factor to foreign investment.
The union of textile companies states that more foreign investment could reach the industry if the cost of electricity was not so high.According to Dean Garcia, executive director of the Nicaraguan Association of the Textile and Apparel Industry (Anitec),"... there could be benefits from the entry of textile companies and spinning mills setting up in Nicaragua and producing sufficient raw material for the industry that already exists in the country. "
A report by the Business Intelligence Unit at CentralAmericaData.com notes that in 2015 Central American countries imported $318 million worth of yarns, filaments and textiles, led by El Salvador with $157 million.
El Salvador was the main importer of synthetic filaments, strips and materials similar to synthetic textiles last year, according to data on the Textiles and Raw Materials Market compiled by the Business Intelligence Unit at CentralAmericaData.com.
The aim of the business mission is to attract new investment in the maquila and call center sectors.Specifically, one of the lines of business that they want to expand is export of electrical cables used in the Mexican auto parts industry.
A meeting is being convened for the textile and clothing industry on March 16 in El Salvador, where the overall situation in the sector will be discussed.
From a statement issued by Proesa:
El Salvador is preparing for the third edition of the Forum of Textiles and Apparel (FOROTEX) 2016, a space where high-level international speakers present trends and strategies for competing in international markets.
With the hope of getting exemptions reinstated, maquila sector union representatives are calling on a thousand companies to avoid the payment of the income tax until the exemptions are reactivated.
The Superintendency of Tax Administration (SAT) confirmed in early January that both administrators and users of free zones and maquilas (by decree 65-89 and 29-89 respectively) must pay income tax (ISR) for the fiscal year 2016.
In the absence of a law to renew tax incentives, some 1,223 companies in the maquila sector and the free zone will have to pay income tax in 2016.
After the lapse on December 31 of tax benefits for companies working under these special arrangements, the Superintendency of Tax Administration of Guatemala will officially begin charging ISR, a measure that will bring in revenue to the state in the order of $258.4 million (a Q2 billion).
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