A proposal has been made to reform the law in order to better regulate the fisheries sector, which contributes 5% of GDP, expanding prohibited areas and implementing a moratorium on commercial fishing licenses.
Through a government decree commercial fishing for tuna and other species has been limited to two specific areas of the Pacific coast in Costa Rica.
The first area will extend up to 40 nautical miles (74 km) from the coast and the second will be located beyond 40 nautical miles, in which larger scale longliners can operate, and between the two there will be a buffer zone.
A new comprehensive legal framework is needed to promote sustainable development of industrial and artisanal fisheries, preserving marine and coastal biodiversity.
"Both industrial and artisanal fisheries have been threatened by the lack of a clear law that encourages the development of the fisheries sector. Added to this is the small amount of support received from the institutions responsible for enforcing the current law," explained the president of the Salvadoran Chamber of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Waldemar Arnecke.
Industrial fishing companies have indicated that exclusivity should not be given to small scale fishing if there is a desire to recover the dynamism of the sector which has already fallen by 40%.
According to Steven Guillen, secretary of the Association of Fishermen of the Caribbean (APESCA), somehow the legislation is conceding certain rights to small scale fishermen in areas that correspond to industrial or mixed fishing . "The industry is not opposed to them fishing, but it is not a good idea to have exclusive fishing because we have lost too much sea area after the ruling with Nicaragua," he said.
During 2012, loans to agriculture and fishing recorded an increase of 16.95%, reaching $1.1886 billion.
Although the agriculture and fishing sectors are less favored by the local banking system, during 2012 the amount of loans granted by the National Banking System (SBN by its initials in Spanish) increased by 16.95%, standing at $1.1886 billion, of which, according to figures from the Superintendency of Banks of Panama (SBP), 63%, or $756.2 million, were intended for livestock.
Production from the sea area could increase by 60 to 70 thousand tonnes because of the extension the area under Nicaraguan sovereignty.
Until the recent ruling of the International Court of Justice, Nicaragua fished just west of longitude 82. Now more than 90,000 square kilometers of ocean rich in species such as lobster has been added.
Native or indigenous communities who practice artisanal fishing in Central America, will make agreements that guarantee the sustainability of small-scale fisheries.
A press release from the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock reads:
With the support of international organizations, indigenous or native communities who practice artisanal fishing in Central America, will make agreements that guarantee the sustainability of small-scale fisheries, uniting responsible fishing and social development.
Congress will be sent a bill that seeks to order and regulate the fishing industry.
With the goal of modernizing the legal framework that regulates fishing in Honduras, an industry of great importance to the country, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (SAG) has reviewed the current law, dating from 1959, and made several modifications.
President Funes has responded to the Legislative Assembly with his comments about Decree No. 683, the amendments to the Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture.
A Press Release by the President of El Salvador states: "This decree states that it is necessary to define the scope of fisheries, with the aim of sustaining natural resources, protecting various marine species and the marine environment in general, that these natural resources are sources of employment for fishermen and their families, maintaining food sustainability and economic development in that area.”
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