The Salvadoran government has attributed the closure of the plant to changes in the technical regulations applied by Mexico on imports of these products and the imposition of "discretionary criteria" by some authorities in that country.
From a statement issued by the Ministry of Economy of El Salvador:
The close of the Mexican company JUMEX is the result of trade measures taken by Mexico
The Mexican juice maker has announced the closure of its production due to a reorientation of investments at the regional level.
The company announced through a press release the closure of operations starting from February 26 in the Central American country, where it set up in 2009 and in which invested about $20 million. After closing the factory, the company will keep only the marketing and distribution of products in the country.
In order to improve their competitiveness in the manufacturer of uniforms and baseballs Rawlings Costa Rica will move its uniform line to El Salvador, laying off 200 workers.
The company which has operations in Turrialba announced that the main reason behind the transfer of operations is to do with competition.The manager Alejandro Cotter told Crhoy.com that "... 'uniforms are a very competitive in the global market, unfortunately Asia dominates and we in Costa Rica have certain disadvantages, not only due to national situations but also because of the scale we produce, it is an exclusive line for a small segment.'"
Noting high production costs, Incesa has announced the closure in Costa Rica of its sanitary ware manufacturing plant, and its installation in Guatemala and Nicaragua.
Incesa Standard, a subsidiary of the Colombian company Corona, will start closure of operations gradually over the first six months of the year. The company argues that in the production process costs for labor and energy are very high, preventing the continued operation of the plant in the country.
Campos de Pesé has indefinitely suspended the production and marketing of ethanol because the price set by the government for the biofuel does not even cover the cost of acquiring sugar cane.
The 40% decrease in the ethanolprice established by the government last August affected the cost structure of the company, which in a statement sent to the media said that the decision taken by the government "... changes the rules of the Game and violates legal certainty. "
The CEO of the multinational confirmed that the closure of the plant did not respond to reasons of global strategy but to the high operating costs in the country.
An article in Crhoy.com reports that in a presentation for employees of the company, the executive director of Intel, Brian Krzanich said that "the decision in Costa Rica was not part of plans to reduce the company's overall payroll but 'had more to do with the cost of this operation, the long-term operational cost of the plant. We spent several years working with the Government of Costa Rica, trying to reduce the overall cost of this operation.'"
The owner will rent the textile plant to a cooperative formed by the 300 employees who have been laid off.
The textile industry in Costa Rica has been in decline for the last eight years due to loss of international competitiveness, which has now been compounded by a fall in the dollar's value. These are the same reasons put forward by Michael Borg, owner of the textile company Borkar, on closing its operations in the country.
The closure of Maderin Eco, a subsidiary of the multinational pencil manufacturer, has been attributed to the continued and increasing difficulties in competitive wood supply.
Maderin Eco, a subsidiary of the multinational pencil manufacturer Faber-Castell, whose plant is located in the canton of Corredores, on the border with Panama, began the process of closing its operations in the country last November and will finish it in November 2013.
Because of a lack of environmental impact studies and plans for adaptability and environmental suitability, authorities have ordered the closure of the asphalt processing plant property of Maribel SA.
Elsiglo.com reports that "Complaints made by families living in the surrounding neighborhoods led to the closure order for the asphalt processing plant that operates within the premises of the industrial complex located on the banks of the river Caimito, in Limon de La Chorrera, said Armando Peralta, regional director of the National Environmental Authority (ANAM) in Western Panama. "
Tobacco leaf producers will still export to Europe and America, while the industry will decline at the same pace as the contraction of the domestic market.
Elperiodico.com.gt reports on Deloitte's study presented by British American Tobacco (BAT), which notes that "in 2011 there were 15.7 million kilos of tobacco leaf for export, which generated $52.8 million in foreign exchange according to statistics from the Bank of Guatemala (Banguat). This represents an increase of 79 percent in foreign exchange earnings from the year 2007, even though production declined in Guatemala .... there are 1.400 tobacco leaf producers who are located in Escuintla, San Marcos, Jutiapa Zacapa and who economically impact more than 165 thousand people (direct and indirect employment). "
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