Two months after reducing the rating from B + to B, Standard & Poor's has now reduced the note to B-, with a negative outlook.
From a press release by Standard & Poor's:
El Salvador's liquidity has deteriorated significantly because of protracted negotiations between the government and opposition parties on a comprehensive set of fiscal reforms that has weakened debt management.
Moody's warns of the risks faced by banks in Central America in the context of a rising trend in interest rates and dollarization of their loan portfolios.
From a report by Moody's:
Mexico, September 14, 2016 -- Banks in Central America face rising asset risks as interest rates look set to rise in the region, pushing up debt service costs for borrowers, according to a report from Moody's Investors Service.
A bill being promoted by the executive branch seeks to authorize the Bank of Guatemala to finance the capitalization of a bank when it faces problems affecting financial stability.
The aim of this initiative is to adapt the rules on financial supervision and risk control to international standards, to prevent the stability of the domestic financial system from being affected when a bank has liquidity or solvency problems.
New regulations are being prepared for measuring currency risk for banks, whose loan portfolio in dollars grew by almost 13% in one year, while 78% of those who borrow in dollars receive their income in local currency.
Figures from the General Superintendent of Financial Institutions (SUGEF) indicate that 41% of the principal balance of outstanding loans is denominated in foreign currency and the rest in colones.Added to this it is the fact that 78% of borrowers of these loans in dollars earn their money in colones.
A $2.7 million issue made by the UHR Development Company which intended to build a boutique hotel in the area of Bella Vista has been declared overdue.
In 2013 the company attempted to raise $12 million on the Panamanian stock market, but apparently, the issue was not attractive enough and they ended up raising only $2.7 million. Three years later, the issue has been declare past due, and should have been honored by UHR Development on 22 February 2016.
Since mid-2014 credit unions and mutuals have had to increase their reserves due to an increase in expected losses by banks.
The need to increase reserves due to increased losses expected to be suffered by institutions for non-payment of their debts is mainly due to a greater number of "bad debtors" according to an article on Elfinancierocr.com.
Compared with other economies, the indicator measuring non-payment in the banking system is relatively small, with marked fluctuations in different sectors.
An article on Prensalibre.com reports that according to the Superintendency of Banks (SIB), the indicator for defaults in the Guatemalan banking system "went from 1.55% in May last year to 1.43% in the same month this year."
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