Faced with the offensive represented by Barack Obama's immigration reform project , Central American countries must strengthen their own policies in order to retain their most valuable and scarce human capital.
Elnuevoherald.com reports that " President Barack Obama's immigration reform plan includes a large increase in visas for foreign students graduating in science and engineering, which will pose a huge challenge for China, India and Latin America: these emerging countries will have to get their act together if they want to retain their best brains, or suffer the highest brain drain in recent history. "
Not even one in 10 of Panama's scientists leaves the country to seek a higher salary and more opportunities career advancement – the lowest figure in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to the World Bank.
The World Bank reckons that a country suffers a "brain drain" when 10 percent of its citizens with higher studies in research and development choose to emigrate. The region's most severe brain drains are in Haiti and Jamaica, where 80 percent go abroad.