Food sovereignty initiatives including price controls, water management and prohibition of agrochemicals are typical examples of a political will being disconnected from the productive reality.
The agricultural sector says that the three bills which are being discussed in the Legislature will have negative effects on the activity, distorting prices and causing costs to rise.One is the draft law on prohibition of agrochemicals, another that on food sovereignty and security and the third, the General Water Law.
The government will not authorize imports of this agrochemical, in compliance with the Stockholm Treaty which prevents entry into Europe of goods that have used this product in the cultivation process.
Environmentalists in Costa Rica are opposed to the automatic authorization of the registration of active ingredients which have already been approved by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
With this measure, environmental groups are facing off against farmers, who for years have pushed for the registration process to be speeded up so that they can "... have new molecules to control pests and crop diseases, " along with agrochemical distributors who want to eliminate barriers to importing new products.
Members of the ruling party in El Salvador have once again taken up the issue of the proposed banning, without any technical foundation, of the use of 53 agrochemicals in the country.
Although in 2013 the Executive made observations on the decree purporting to completely prohibit the use of the 53 products , arguing that some were already prohibited by international standards and asking for scientific studies for the remaining, once again there has been an attempt to pass the measure without taking into account its effects on agriculture.
The agricultural chambers in the region are preparing law proposals to be presented in the Central American countries to remove the restrictions on growing GM foods.
Representatives from FECAGRO said the use of agricultural biotechnology allows for improved technology that enables high productivity seeds, reduces agrochemical use, creates more drought-resistant crops that can also be irrigated with salt water and are completely safe for human consumption.
Authorization has been given to the sale of four of the seven products whose import was banned in June 2014.
Given the lack of agrochemicals necessary to counteract the effects of El Niño on crops, the National Commission for Registration and Control of Toxic Substances has authorized the marketing of chlorpyrifos, endosulfan and two other products based on terbufos and Furadan.These four products are part of the so-called red products, meaning that they are highly toxic.
Agricultural entrepreneurs say that to register a product state agencies ask for requirements and information which in many cases "can not even be substantiated".
In the last ten years only 6 active ingredients have been registered, as the competent authorities on the subject "... are using technology from the 80's and 90's." This situation reduces the competitiveness of Costa Rica, as in most countries in the region products registered after having completed the approval process in the United States.
The difference in the figures related to this category given by the two recognized institutions has caused criticism which has called into question the accuracy of the data presented by the Costa Rican government.
Currently the State Phytosanitary Service (SFE) records statistics on imports and exports of agro reformulations, but these data do not match those collected by other institutions related to the sector.
This week Panamanian environmentalists presented at a plenary session of the National Assembly a draft law to regulate the use and sale of chemicals, after having detected herbicide contamination in La Villa river.
The Farmer Training and Development Program (EDA - Entrenamiento y Desarrollo de Agricultores), aims to increase the productivity, market access and business skills of small- and medium-sized farmers and their employees through technical assistance in the production and marketing of high-value horticultural crops.
Operates in Honduras
Phone: (504) 501 0375 - (504) 9996 9259
METAGRO is a Guatemalan based manufacturer that provides high end solutions of agricultural transport equipment, we are focused on helping customers be more productive as they help to improve the quality of life for people around the world.
Operates in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama
Phone: (502) 2383 2720 - (502) 5595 9953