Cultivation of this variety has been authorized in seven departments in the Pacific and in the autonomous regions of the Northern and Southern Caribbean, except in the municipality of Waslala.
Finally, and after months of waiting, Nicaragua has been given permission to extensively plant the variety of robusta coffee, which so far had been kept at limited levels, and has generated controversy over the possibility that it might represent competition for the cultivation of Arabica coffee.
Concerns have arisen over a recent agreement signed between the US and Brazil, in which the South American country is allocated a significant quota from the same segment that Nicaragua supplies.
The new quota for imports of fresh beef from Brazil is considered to be in the same category as the quota that corresponds to Nicaragua, called "Other countries".Nicaraguan exporters fear that the quota, amounting to 65 thousand tons per year, will be filled by Brazil leaving no space for sales of meat from Nicaragua and other countries also included in this segment.
The government will not authorize imports of this agrochemical, in compliance with the Stockholm Treaty which prevents entry into Europe of goods that have used this product in the cultivation process.
Producers anticipate better results this year than in 2015, with a projected cultivation of 108,000 hectares of apples in the Pacific.
The arrival of the rainy season and weather expectations for this year have allowed sugar cane growers to anticipate better results than in the past two and a half years, when a decline in production was recorded of between "... 15% and 20%". For this year they hope to increase volume and to sell at better prices in the international market.
The coffee union has stated that the advance payment of withholding tax reduces the trade margin of exporters by up to 40%.
The obligation to pay an advance withholding tax (IR) to the DGI is threatening the competitiveness of coffee growers, especially companies whose profit is on commission on sales that are placed on the international market. The complaint was made by Michael Healy, president of the Union of Agricultural Producers of Nicaragua to Trincheraonline.com.
Ranchers are complaining that the increase of $0.20 per kilogram of cattle exported as leather is eroding their competitiveness.
The DGI published in La Gaceta on 4 February that "... In every act of exporting live cattle made by natural persons, it will be mandatory to submit to the Center for Exports (CETREX ) and the Directorate General of Customs Services the taxable receipt in original format which supports retention payments for its verification. "
The union of producers has predicted a decline of 20% in the export of sugar cane, as about 1 million less hundredweights will be produced.
The Union of Agricultural Producers in Nicaragua (UPANIC) has estimated that revenue will be $50 million less due to the effects of drought on agricultural production. For example, in the case of peanuts, MartinArguello , vice president of UPANIC, told Elnuevodiario.com.ni that "... the losses could be 6%."
High production costs, coupled with the progressive reduction in the tariff paid on yellow corn from the United States, are keeping sorghum producers in the country in a state of check.
With the gradual elimination of import yellow corn from the United States, established in DR-CAFTA, a 0% tariff will be reached in 2020, a rate which currently stands at 10.1%. At the moment the cost of producing a hundredweight of sorghum is $9.28, while the price of yellow corn including tax is $11.55 per hundredweight.
Anticipating a possible decline in sales to Venezuela, employers in the agricultural sector are looking for potential buyers for their products in Chile and Peru.
After the United States, Venezuela is the main buyer of Nicaraguan products, however, with the fall in oil prices the Union of Agricultural Producers of Nicaragua (UPANIC) is predicting a decline in exports to the country and therefore is looking for new markets in which to sell its products.
The agricultural sector is demanding a law that grants tax benefits and allows the use of leasing of machinery and equipment to improve competitiveness.
Instead of buying equipment and financing it with a bank, the agriculture sector is calling for a law to be approved to regulate and encourage the use of leasing, as a way to improve productivity by renting equipment and not borrowing to acquire it.
As alternatives to the current difficulties in the marketing of fresh bananas, banana and plantain flour and frozen products are being considered.
Setting up a manufacturing plant for banana flour capable of processing 40 million units of the product, is the plan of the company Exportadores y Productores del Sur (EXPROSUR), which brings together some 12 large banana producers located in the department of Rivas who cultivate about 2,000 fields.
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