Senasa has started the process of registration and updating information on subsistence, small, medium and large pig farms in the country.
From a statement issued by the Ministry of Agriculture:
As part of the implementation of the Control System for Mobilization and Traceability of pigs from the beginning of this year 2017, the National Animal Health Service (SENASA) at the Ministry of Agriculture, is carrying out, in regional offices, registration and updating of information of existing pig farms in the country (subsistence / backyard, small, medium and large) in the Integrated Registration System for Agricultural Establishments (SIREA by its initials in Spanish), with registration of establishments composing the first stage established in the implementation of the traceability system for the pig sector.
Increasing the percentage of deliveries and optimizing the use of fodder will help raise productivity and improve conditions for competing with other export markets.
A pilot plan which is being promoted by the Livestock Corporation (CORFOGA) and which is already being implemented in 93 producing farms aims to improve productivity in cattle breeding and milk in the country.
Exporters of ornamental plants are waiting for government approval in order to be part of the delegation which will request the reopening of the European market, which has been closed since May 2015.
The Chamber of Producers and Exporters of Plant Products (Caprodex) argues that the request was made on July 8 to the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) and there has not yet been a response to the request to attend on September 22 the meeting to be held in Brussels to demand the reopening of the market for ornamental plants from Costa Rica.In May2015the European Union banned ornamental coffee plants from Costa Rica and Hondurasin order to prevent the entry of the bacteria Xylella fastidiosa.
The delay in phytosanitation studies by the Ministry of Agriculture has stalled the process for starting imports of avocados from the Dominican Republic.
Even though it has been a month since the Chamber of Exporters and Importers of Perishable Goods asked to be able to start the process of importing avocados from the Caribbean island, a delay in carrying out a study on the part of the State Phytosanitary Service (SFE) has prevented this from happening.
Productivity of beef, pork and onions improved between May 2015 and April 2016, while projected goals were not achieved for rice, beans and white corn.
The goals set at the beginning of the Solis management to facilitate conditions for raising agricultural productivity have been met by half, since of the products identified as "sensitive" because of strong competition faced externally, only beef, pork and onions managed to exceed the targets set for the first year.
In order to take advantage of the growing global demand for cocoa and fine chocolates, in the last three years the number of hectares dedicated to the cultivation of cocoa in the country went from 3169 to 4000.
Supporting efforts to obtain a high-quality grain, local producers are increasing acreage and diversifying final products, in order to export cocoa not only in its whole grain or chopped format, but also products such as chocolate, cocoa butter, liqueurs and other things.
Environmentalists in Costa Rica are opposed to the automatic authorization of the registration of active ingredients which have already been approved by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
With this measure, environmental groups are facing off against farmers, who for years have pushed for the registration process to be speeded up so that they can "... have new molecules to control pests and crop diseases, " along with agrochemical distributors who want to eliminate barriers to importing new products.
Pineapple exporters claim to have lost $2.3 million since the authorities started making additional inspections of containers at ports of departure.
Arguing that in April an increased presence of insects was detected in containers of pineapples exported to the United States, the State Phytosanitary Service (SFE) has tightened control measures, which are no longer limited to inspections on farms and packing plants, but also include an extra inspection at ports of departure.
Drought in Southeast Asia is creating opportunities to export more palm oil to Europe, where the entry of the product is duty free because of the Association Agreement with Central America.
The fall of up to 45% in the production of palm oil in Southeast Asia (the world's leading producer) due to El Niño has opened up an opportunity for Central American countries to export the product to markets such as Europe. This is a relief for the industry, hard hit by reduced demand for biofuels because of the fall in oil prices.
The irreconcilable positions of both countries over phytosanitary measures for the Mexican product form the backdrop to a possible arbitration panel with the world trade body.
Since Costa Rica stopped issuing permits for the entry of Hass avocados from Mexico, for phytosanitary protectionism reasons, (the country argues they are protecting themselves from the disease known as sunspot), neither country has managed to convince the other through technical and political methods to reopen the market.
This year 18 different species of citrus fruit came into the country from Uruguay among them oranges, tangerines, lemons, grapefruit and different hybrids for fresh consumption.
From a statement issued by the State Phytosanitary Service in Costa Rica:
The State Phytosanitary Service (SFE), the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), conducted a Risk Analysis for Pests (ARP by its initials in Spanish) for opening the market to citrus fruits from Uruguay and will soon finalize the corresponding notifications to allow import of a variety of these fruits into the country.
The private sector is demanding homogeneity in the foreign trade strategy, since the situation today is that there is "one protectionist minister and another who works for free trade."
In the words of José Manuel Quirce, president of the Chamber of Importers of Costa Rica (Crecex), the Solis administration needs to focus on "... harmonizing approaches in foreign trade" in order to avoid having one agriculture ministry imposing nontariff barriers to protect local production, and at the other extreme another minister of foreign trade promoting free trade.
The country has been criticized for violating trade agreements and placing phytosanitary barriers on trade using political-ideological and non-technical justifications.
Having entrusted the management of the Ministries of Economy and Commerce and Agriculture and Livestock -and linked institutions - to a group of officials who believe in their own last century protectionist model - and going against openness to the world practiced by the country in the last 20 years, and who were also openly opposing the Central American Free trade Agreement (CAFTA) with the United States, the Solis administration has made sure that there will be recurrent conflicts related in trade of agro-industrial products to the Northern nation, Costa Rica's main trading partner.
The National Insurance Institute has announced it will modify two regulations so that non irrigated rice crops can once again receive coverage which was suspended earlier this year.
Rice farmers who grow grain on unirrigated land may be eligible sometime before March to be covered by the National Insurance Institute (INS) which suspended coverage earlier this year. The state run company sought to protect itself in the face of losses of up to $4 million caused by a high claim rate in 2015 for those crops.
Agricultural authorities have announced that the definition and implementation of phytosanitary protocols allow industrial potatoes to come in from the US once again.
From a statement issued by the Ministry of Agriculture:
2019/2020 - 60 - 54 - 114 The State Phytosanitary Service (SFE), at the Ministry of Agriculture (MAG), announced that the importation of potatoes for industrial use, originating in the United States, could reopen in the next few months due to implementation of phytosanitary protocols to minimize risk of introducing the plague "Zebra chip", which Costa Rica is free of.
As part of the Agritrade Platform, Guatemala will participate for the 27th time in PMA Fresh Summit, the most important international trade show and convention of fruits and vegetables in the United States, which will take place at Anaheim Convention Center, California from October 17th to 19th.