Traders, industrialists and entrepreneurs in the agro sector disagree with the position of the main private sector union over the negotiation of new taxes.
Three business unions have ratified their opposition to new taxes in Costa Rica and have made known their total lack of empathy with the way the Uccaep, an organization that unites most of the unions in the private sector, has dealt with the Solis administration over tax issues, the negotiation of a shareholder register proposed by the government and other aspects related to the fiscal problems affecting the country.
The Executive is proposing to reform the scope of the law and charge a "registration for coffee production fee" of $0.50 per hundredweight.
Despite the outbreak of coffee rust, the debt of $200 million and the funding crisis facing the coffee sector, the Salvadoran government intends to collect more taxes. Currently the bill raised by the Executive Branch is being analyzed by the agricultural legislative committee.
On January 2nd the tax paid for building permits issued by the municipality of San Miguelito rose by 40%.
In the last 15 years the cost of building permits in the Municipality of San Miguelito has not been reviewed or adjusted, according to representatives of the entity. Because of this, the municipal authorities announced the increase of 40%, which they attributed the increase in building materials and labor in the last year.
Employers say the value added tax of 13% on services will raise end prices of buildings by between 4% and 8%, and propose a differential rate for the sector.
The Costa Rican Chamber of Construction (CCC) states that the construction of a dwelling requires other services such as electricians, plumbers, metalworkers, architects, engineers, and others, which will eventually transfer this 13%, impacting the final cost.
The member countries of the Framework Convention for the Control of Tobacco have approved raising taxes on the tobacco industry.
This new document seeks to "... strengthen measures relating to applicable taxes and prices in order to reduce consumption and the number of deaths from consumption of tobacco, as it is closely related to the cost of the product."
The Vice President and the Minister of Finance have insisted that the Assembly adopt a draft law to establish global income and convert the sales tax into value added tax.
This December is the date set for the plan to convert to sales tax into value added tax (VAT) and for the first quarter of 2015, the bill on global income. Also in 2015 a draft law will be submitted on the Framework Law on Exemptions.
Although the banks had sought to extend the term, starting September 1 entities must charge 0,25% on operations over $1000.
From September 1 banks, credit unions and savings and loans companies must withhold 0.25% for every transaction in made in cash, by check or electronically worth over $1,000.
The Directorate General of Internal Revenue, at the Ministry of Finance has published the regulations that refer to the new taxes. The Salvadoran Banking Association (ABANSA) told Elsalvador.com that "... Banks, which are from today retaining the tax, are still analyzing the document. The president of the bank union, Armando Arias said in recent days that because they are not equipped with technological resources and trained personnel, they will begin collecting taxes manually, generating more delays for customers in the banking system. "
The government has agreed to modify the terms of the tax reform proposal to take into account criticisms made by the private sector.
Salvadoran private companies have outlined to officials the adverse effects that the country would face if the proposed new tax measures were applied, receiving signals of openness to a discussion from the Government, who for the first time since 2009 and 2010 has agreed to negotiate tax reforms with entrepreneurs.
The opposition in the Assembly is calling for government approval of the bill on fiscal responsibility before approving the issuance of debt of $1.15 billion and a proposed tax package.
The lawmakers argued that there is a need to thoroughly scrutinize the text of the proposed reforms, as there is uncertainty over the destination the government will chose for the proceeds as well as strategies to revive the national economy in order for the state to ensures there is liquidity rather continuing to generate more debt for the country.
A bill aims to tax properties of any value that either do or do not have constructions on them, and which do not have a specific use anywhere in the country, declaring them "luxury goods".
The proposed law states that "... property for recreation, leisure or rest, with or without construction or under construction, regardless of its value or location , such as houses, lots, plots, villas located in beaches, lakes, mountains or the city ... "will be taxed at 1% on the assessed value established for the property.
Warnings have been given that the tax in the approval process in the Legislature would create more evasion affecting all sectors of society.
The new tax would be of 0.25% on financial transactions exceeding $750, applied to the deposit holders who ordered payments or transfers and financial entities performing loan disbursements of any kind.
Added to the normal negative effects of a new tax, such as being an incentive for evasion, discouragement of investment, and in this case generation of inflation, are also "... The ambiguity in the wording ... "it is not clear if this excludes tax remittances, since ' ... the majority of remittances entering the country are money transfers to third parties using an electronic system.'
The private sector is opposed to the conditions in the third reform package the outgoing government intends to implement, claiming that state expenditures should be reduced first.
More control of public spending and no new taxes are the demands from employers to the government, which aims to increase government revenues with a third reform and the issuance of $800 million in bonds.
A new commission set up by the Ministry of Health will regulate advertising of tobacco and alcohol and will look at increasing taxes.
The National Commission for the Prevention of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases and Cancer, established by the Ministry of Health and Welfare will be responsible for the regulation of advertising of snuff and alcohol and also promote the consumption of healthy foods.
A bill intends to impose a tax in dollars on advertising of commercial enterprises in public spaces.
"According to the bill, natural or legal persons must have an installation or renovation permit from City Hall. Once obtained, they will have thirty days to place the sign, otherwise they will need to reapply." reported Laprensa.com.ni.
It also proposes that mobile advertising on garbage cans, stops and benches, will incur taxes.
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