The Ortega administration has authorized the suspension for one year on the ban on cutting, harvesting and marketing of timber from pine trees in the country.
Decree 02-2017 was published in the official newspaper La Gaceta on January 13 and states:"... it is suspended throughout the national territory, including protected areas, the ban on cutting, harvesting, transportation and marketing of pine trees for a period of 12 months, which may be extended with the support of studies and technical and administrative recommendations made by the National Forestry Institute (Inafor), with the approval of the National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR)."
Production and sales figures and an analysis of the barriers to the use and economic activity of timber in Costa Rica and how to overcome them.
From a report entitled "Market for timber and timber derivatives in Costa Rica by the Forestry Financing Fund (FONAFIFO):
This paper develops a strategy and a plan to increase the consumption of wood in the Costa Rican market.The proposal is based on an analysis of economic activity in the forestry sector and its flows.A deepening of the knowledge of the timber market has been achieved through a strong focus on supply and demand, as well as trade of products and determination of the main barriers that discourage the use and economic activity related to wood in Costa Rica.The size of the domestic market for timber and its derivatives is 643 000-669 000 cubic meters per year and their activities add to the economy more than $300 million in 2014.
Forestry businesses are opposed to the government's decision to suspend logging in the northern part of the country and attributed the measure to unjustified pressure from environmental groups.
Entrepreneurs from Nueva Segovia stated that the government's action will be counterproductive for economic activity in the area, where forest areas have been maintained under appropriate conditions and without pests such as weevils, thanks to the cutting and reforestation works they claim to be doing.
The forestry sector has indicated there is arbitrariness on the part of the authorities in the implementation of the new law and bureaucratic barriers to production and exports.
Manufacturers and exporters of wooden have complained to the authorities of the National Forestry Institute (Inafor) over lack of precision in the implementation of the law, creating delays and cost overruns in the marketing process of wood.
Between 2011 and 2013 forest loss decreased by 9.6% due to the implementation of a national plan for reforestation and a reduction in losses from wildfires.
Data from the National Forestry Institute (Inafor) states that "... the average amount of deforestation, which according to the National Forest Inventory is 70,000 hectares, dropped to 63,270 hectares (with) the latest data from 2011 to 2013."
Suggestions have been made to ease procedures and create more direct and indirect incentives to encourage the development of the forest industry in the country.
In an opinion piece published in Elfinancierocr.com, Keilor Rojas notes that "... the activity has decreased by 35% in recent years and the rate of reforestation per year went from 9,000 acres to about 2,000 today. "
A subcommittee will be created to discuss the reform proposal with all sectors involved.
A press release from the National Assembly of Panama reads:
Members made up from the Commission on Population, Environment and Development will meet in the next few days to create a subcommittee that will help consult and discuss with all relevant parties Bill No. 97 amending Act 1 of 1994, through which a forestry law is established in the Republic of Panama.
A workshop was held to strengthen the legal options in order to continue to promote the forestry sector in harmony with government plans.
The objective of the workshop is to propose regulations for the Forestry Law which facilitate the increase, management and sustainable use of the forestry resources, while maintaining the spirit of the law.