The restriction imposed by Mexico on the entry of fresh shrimp from Guatemala is causing uncertainty among Honduran shrimp cultivators.
In the view of producers and exporters of shrimp in Honduras, the gaps that exist in the procedures of the National Agricultural Health Service (SENASA), which has been taken over because of irregularities in its administration, hinder compliance with the requirements under which Mexico will allow entry of fresh shrimp.
The dairy sector in Nicaragua has denounced the imposition of non-tariff barriers by Honduras, whose health authorities have delayed the renewal of certificates for nicaraguan plants.
It has been estimated that 750,000 liters of milk per month have ceased to be exported to Honduras since November 2015, because the National Agricultural Health Service has not renewed certification of dairy plants in Nicaragua. This was stated to Elnuevodiario.com.ni by Alfredo Lacayo, executive director of Centrolac. Lacayo added that this situation is affecting not only the industrial dairy sector but also farmers.
The presence of a dangerous bacteria in Mexico has worried Honduran producers over the possibility of the entry of the disease by land, in contaminated containers and vehicles.
"The chances of early mortality bacteria entering the national territory are high, since Mexico is one of the main destinations for fresh shrimp coming out of the shrimp farms operating in the south of the country, which is being sent in Salvadoran and Guatemalan dredgers", reported Elheraldo.hn.
So far in 2013, exports of Honduran fruits and vegetables are almost triple total exports in 2012, when sales showed a significant decline.
In the Valley of Comayagua the number of containers shipped overseas went from 1,700 in 2012 to about 4,100 containers during the first quarter of this year.
According to Roger Cruz, phytoprotectionist at the National Health Service (SENASA), "the rebound in crops is due to producers having been conscientious in crop management, containers detained because of pests have so far been zero and this is the result of a series of training sessions given to farmers to ensure quality products," he added.
Beef exports totaled $30 million in 2011, four times last year's exports.
Honduran meat exports quadrupled last year, reported authorities of the National Agricultural Health Service, SENASA.
2011 closed recording meat exports worth $30 million, compared to 2010 when they only reached $7.8 million, according to figures from SENASA.
"These figures indicate that livestock is on the rise again, and there are other incentives such as the price of milk which reported sustainability, because the prices in winter stayed at 5.50 lempiras per liter ($ 0.29), while in summer, they were 8.50 lempiras ($ 0.44 per liter), motivating farmers", said Heriberto Amador, director of Senasa, in an article in LaPrensa.hn.
Failure to do so will result in a lawsuit being filed against the Nicaraguan government for creating trade barriers.
The Honduran government on Monday has given a deadline of September 19 for the situation to be reversed otherwise they will proceed with a Chancery suit or through the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, said the director of the National Service of Agricultural Health (SENASA ), Heriberto Amador.
The Ministry of Agriculture will receive experts from Uruguay to advise on the subject next week.
The traceability system involves maintaining and making available animal identification details and registration of all activities to which it is subjected, from birth until the meat reaches the consumer.
The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) has declared the country free of classic swine fever.
Since 2006 the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (SAG), the National Service of Agricultural Health (SENASA) and the International Regional Organization for Animal Health (OIRSA) have worked together to eradicate the disease.