9.3 million mobile phone lines were registered at the end of 2015, but they are only able to operate on the 3G network as the 4G network has not even been put out to tender yet.
While the rest of the region has already made progress in the use of 4G technology, in El Salvador the process for awarding frequencies of that band between telecommunications companies has not yet even started.In the developed world they are now planning the implementation of 5G technology.
A report by Akamai highlights an 8.4% drop in the average connection speed in Costa Rica in the second quarter compared to the same period last year.
Between late 2014 and June this year, Costa Rica fell 20 positions in the ranking of broadband Internet, surpassing only Paraguay, Bolivia and Venezuela. Panama recorded a slight growth of 1% in the period in question, while Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Honduras, did not even figure in the report.
The telecoms company merged with Columbus International announced its entry into the Costa Rican market, where it will focus on the segment of corporate services.
After having merged with Columbus International in late 2014, the company with a major operation in Panama, announced that it will be operating in Costa Rica, mainly providing corporate services such as internet links and national and international data (MPLS), managed networks, and services based on cloud security, among other things.
The telecoms company plans to invest $50 million in equipment to expand 4G network coverage in remote areas of the capital.
Digicel El Salvador announced plans for 2015 to invest about $50 million, ie $10 million more than the invested made to upgrade technologies in 2014. Besides this project, the company will be updating the central management system for telephone calls, following the entry into force of number portability in the country.
The Ministry of Telecommunications has announced that a tender for allocating frequencies will take place in early 2015 and plans to add a new operator to the process.
Officials added that the tender documents will be ready at the end of the semester and discussed the possibility of adding one more operator to the competition. This option has not been well received by the telecommunications companies currently taking part in the tender for whom "... the frequencies available for a second competition would barely be enough to improve their services."
Costa Rica has implemented a Neutral Internet Exchange Point, a concept that could be extrapolated to the entire region to reduce operating costs and increase connection speeds.
There is no need to explain the benefits that greater use of the internet brings to economic development, which is always dependent on the associated costs. The integration of internet connectivity through so-called traffic exchange points (IXP), should be incorporated into strategies for Central American integration.
Following a favorable resolution of the appeal by Movistar, the State operator has started marketing 4G cell phones.
The Manager of the Client Division at Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), Jaime Palermo, announced the launch of the 4G LTE network, which will initially be free for postpaid users in the first month.
A year after obtaining the concession, the Chinese telecom company has started importing the equipment necessary for the provision of services for fixed and mobile telephones and internet.
An article in Elmundo.com.sv reports that "The government of Nicaragua expects that Xinwei will invest $700 million in 2013, just in setting itself up as a company, said Orlando Castillo, CEO of Telcor, who stated that the total investment will culminate at the end of 2015."
Costa Rica is the regional leader in 4G data consumption through mobile devices and 4G networks.
America Movil (Claro) and Telefonica (Movistar) agree that Costa Rica is the country with the highest data traffic in Central America, this is because it is the only country that does not charge for downloading data, but rather by the speed offered by providers.
The new network of the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad started with initial coverage in 23% of the territory, with speeds from 6 to 10 Mbps.
According to the customer manager of Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), Jaime Palermo, the service is focused on providing data to clients who wish to navigate at high speeds. Marketing will initially be done through Datacards.
The auction of 40 MHz of mobile spectrum has launched a discussion on whether to add new operators to the market in order to avoid dominant players.
According to Giovanni Berti, CEO of Proesa, companies have already begun to enter the contest. "The information I have is that in addition to the phone companies that are already established in the country, to date an international company whose name I'm not allowed to reveal yet has expressed interest," he said.
Grupo ICE, composed of the Costa Rican Electricity Institute (ICE) and its subsidiaries Radiográfica Costarricense (RACSA) and Compañía Nacional de Fuerza y Luz (CNFL), joined the Chamber of Information and Communication Technologies of Costa Rica (CAMTIC) as a strategic partner since June 2009.