42,000 is the number of estimated positions for professionals and technicians that will become available with the start of major projects such as the construction of the gas terminal in Colon, the fourth bridge over the Canal and the second Metro line.
Statistics from the Ministry of Labour and Development indicate that the largest proportion of the jobs required correspond to technical and unskilled workers, and to a lesser extent, professionals.
The words "fixed" and "stable" are not exactly what you would expect to hear from young twentysomethings, supposedly eager for challenges, opportunities and adventures.However, in Costa Rica, a survey carried out by Universum indicates that most college students are looking for a job for life in a state institution.
For every ten professionals in demand by private companies in Costa Rica between 2014 and 2016, 7 were computer and software engineers.
The growing demand for professionals in careers related to engineering, especially in the area of computing and software development, contrasts increasingly with the demand for professionals in other disciplines, such as social work, which are losing ground as the use of information technologies advances.
The Treasury will be reviewing the tax returns of a selected group of taxpayers by comparing the information provided with their external signs of wealth.
From a statement issued by the Ministry of Finance:
Proposal to attack evasion in this group of taxpayers
The acquisition of luxury vehicles in recent years as well as possesing properties of high value, in juxterposition to statements with zero tax (in which no taxes are paid) or expenses that exceed a certain percentage of revenue during 2014 are some of the reasons why the Ministry of Finance is initiating a plan of tax control for freelance professionals.
The Directorate General of Taxation of Costa Rica has been given the power to require professionals to provide information which is "foreseeably relevant for tax purposes".
An article in Nacion.com reports that "... "An institutional criteria of the Ministry of Finance, of July 27, 2015, states that the Directorate General of Taxation (DGT) has the power to require liberal professionals to provide confidential customer information, as long as the data is not related to the query made of the specialist. "
An economist is a professional who divides his daily work into two stages: in the morning he explains what went wrong yesterday, and in the afternoon he explains what is happening today.
The title of this article with which we are aiming to start the wind down to the weekend (friday 26th), contains words that used to shine in bronze -years ago- on the desk of a then young economist at the central bank of a south american country, a high quality professional who now holds a first class post in that nation.
Companies are struggling to find employees with skills in information technology, programming and networking, electricity, processing and assembly of medical parts.
The Talent Shortage study (2014) by Manpower notes that "... 51% of the 620 Costa Rican employers surveyed said they can not find suitable professionals to perform the tasks required by their company." The main cause, according to the contractors, is lack of technical skills.
The emigration of six out of seven Salvadorans who have studied for 12 years or more is removing a vital resource for economic performance, preventing improvements to labor productivity in the country.
Up until 2000, 85% of high school and college graduates with twelve or more years of education had migrated, reveals the study 'Measuring the international mobility of skilled workers'.
Projections are that for the five year period between 2015-2020 there will be a shortfall of 70,000 workers in the sectors of construction, logistics, tourism and agriculture.
According to the National Competitiveness Center, in the specified period there will be a shortage of workers especially in the logistics sector, where they will need at least 35,000 technicians, ie 49.5%, while in the construction area demand will be for around 28,000 people, representing 40.3%. In the case of the tourism sector it is estimated that it will require approximately 4,113 technicians, ie 5.7% and in agriculture about 3,203, the remaining 4.5%.
There is an insufficient number of professionals in this health area to meet growing demand, both in public and in private sectors.
The Ministry of Health currently has 494 nutritionists, however it needs 500 more to meet demand in public health facilities and provide adequate care to the population.
Yeny Carrasco, nutritionist and dietitian at the Promotional Health Department, told Panamaamerica.com.pa that "... At present there is a highly competitive market on the side of private enterprise, where nutritionists and dietitians are valued professionals with good job prospects. "
In the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica a bill is being discussed which would impose compulsory licensing for IT and computing professionals.
The bill that seeks reform of Law No. 7,537, Organic Law of the Association of Professionals in Information Technology and Computing has been ruled on positively in the Commission which is studying it. The bill states that "any person who works as a computer technician or computer operator must be incorporated into the School of Information Technology and Computing Professionals (CPIC)."
The country's labor problems could be solved by developing an immigration policy that allows skilled foreign workers to work and also train panamanians.
In his opinion piece Rene Quevedo notes the difficulties facing the Panamanian labor market due to a lack of national technical professionals and because of a preference for adult workers over young people with little experience and training.