Costa Rica still combines a long tradition of political stability with indicators that outstrip regional
averages in terms of economic growth, governance and social development. Since 1980, growth in per
capita income has averaged 1.2 percent (compared to 0.8 percent for Latin America as a whole), and
economic volatility has been about 20 percent lower than for the rest of the region.1 However, since 2001,
GDP growth has averaged 4 percent, compared to 5.3 percent in the 1990s, and household income growth
has also slowed. Most importantly, patterns of growth have tended to favor the non-poor, resulting in a
stagnating poverty rate at around 23 percent over the last decade (1994-2004) and a rise in income
inequality measured by the Gini from 0.44 to 0.48 from 1989-2004.2
The Regulatory Authority for Public Services has rejected the increase in port charges at the Moin and Limon ports as requested by Japdeva.
A press release by the Regulatory Authority for Public Services (ARESP) states:
The Port Authority Board of Economic Development and the Atlantic (Japdeva) which is responsible for providing port services in Limon and Moin, has asked the Regulatory Authority for an average increase of 21% in port charges. The previous tariff setting was made in 2003.
Japdeva has requested an increase of 21% in rates at ports of Limon and Moin in the Costa Rican Caribbean.
The Board of the Port Administration and Economic Development of the Atlantic (Japdeva) submitted the application to the Regulatory Authority for Public Services (Aresep), who must decide whether it supports the increase. The process could last about 75 days.
The labor union of the Caribbean ports of Costa Rica re-elected directors which are radically opposed to concession the ports to private investors.
At the same time in which dredging has started in order to increase capacity of tankers docking at Moin -with an expansion of the oil terminal which will be tendered in March 2011 - the workers voted overwhelmingly to re-elect union leaders who oppose granting management of the ports to the private sector.
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