Panama's planning experiences provide interesting implications for the process of territorial organization in Central America.
One of the most interesting of these is the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor Project on the Atlantic side of the country. It stresses sustainable development, and is integrated with conservation projects, using and managing its biological diversity and taking into account the need to provide incentives and facilitate sustainable development in rural areas.
Another is the Sustainable Development Program in the Province of Darien, where steps are being taken to define a strategy of environmental quality control, and an action plan with short- and medium-term investments.
Guatemala has a diverse territory that requires the development of organizational strategies.
A White Paper has been prepared by a team integrating technical and social skills from the School of Organic and Evolutionary Planning, the consulting firm La Ceiba and the Association of Ecological Action.
Honduras has begun to regulate land use and ownership, beginning with planning at a municipal level.
The absence of any formal regulation was laid bare in 1998 when Hurricane Mitch caused thousands of deaths and huge economic damage.
The aim of regulation is to identify areas that are suitable for development in a wide range of industries, such as tourism and mining, as well as for housing, farming and fishing.
Nicaragua has created a top-level team of academics and professionals to plan its land regulation.
The nation's Constitution says the state has to promote the "harmonious" development of the regions. However, urban growth and economic development has over the years becoming heavily concentrated on the Pacific coast at the expense of the Atlantic and central regions.
This section looks at the conceptual and dimensional framework in the context of Guatemala's proposed Law of Territorial Organization.
One element that has been identified in this process of preparation, updating and feedback on the proposed law is the general lack of knowledge about territorial organization and the methodologies of the various planning systems in Latin America.
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