-In total, the region produced 39,535.1 GWh, of which 30,384 GWh were sold on the regulated market to 7.9 million customers reporting revenues of $ 4,721 million.
-The consumption of electricity in Panama increased significantly (+9.8%) and showed an important increase in Nicaragua (+3.1%), while it fell in El Salvador (-4.3%), Honduras (-3.2%) and Costa Rica (-.9%).
-The production of energy through sugar mills increased 123% compared with 2008, reaching 214.2 GWh or 4.7% of total regional production.
-Honduras and Nicaragua loss rates remain high (22.3% and 26.1%), while the remaining countries recorded loss levels below 15%.
CEPAL published statistics on Central America’s energy sector up to 2009.
Electric energy production reached 39.114 GWh for the six Central American countries, 0.1% less than 2008. This is due to less energy consumption caused by economic deceleration. Energy consumption dropped in El Salvador (-3%), Honduras (-1.3%) and Costa Rica (-1%), while it increased in Panama (7.3%), Nicaragua (4.3%) and Guatemala (1%).
So far this year the Central American countries have sold 120 GW/h, equivalent to $20 million.
An analysis piece on Eleconomista.net shows the levels of energy consumption of the Central American countries and the ability of each of them to trade their surpluses, with generation depending, among other things, on variables such as the weather.
The absence of regulations defining rates and market operations prevents the region from taking advantage of the energy that Mexico will be able to export under the new energy law.
As Mexico prepares to increase its power generation and export surpluses, the lack of a legal framework establishing the conditions for selling energy through the Electrical Interconnection System for Central America (SIEPAC) is delaying the possibility of accessing less expensive energy.
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