Drug Trafficking in Costa Rica on the Rise

Life in Mexico is becoming uncomfortable for drug traffickers who find it easy to install themselves and continue their operations in Costa Rica.

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

According to the Costa Rican Drug Institute (ICD), the confiscation of cocaine rose from 3 thousand tons in 2002 to more than 32 thousand tons in 2007, and this does not appear to be due to increased efficiency of the authorities responsible for traffic enforcement, but merely that Costa Rica has become the passage route by air, sea and land for the drug to United States. It is estimated that the relationship between drugs captured and the total traffic through the country is 1:10.

Drug traffic naturally raises drug crime in the country, and it especially increases the violence of the crimes. The fighting between gangs and groups for land parcels for the internal sales of drugs cause more deaths each time.

As part of the topic, it is discussed whether the assistance provided by the United States to the Costa Rican government to fight drug trafficking is adequate.

More on this topic

Drug Trafficking in Costa Rica On the Rise

March 2013

In only one year, seizures of cocaine have doubled, totaling over 15 tons with a U.S. market value of $2 billion.

Costa Rica, the Central American country noted for its economic development, its institutions, and social peace, is part of the land corridor where there is an increase in the operations of Mexican and Colombian cartels to transport drugs to the United States, the largest consumer of drugs in the world.

First Colombia and Mexico, Now Central America

November 2011

Mexico is currently making headlines worldwide for its drug violence, but the homicide rate in Central America is now higher than that of the Aztec nation.

Like other analysts, Andres Oppenheimer attributes the drama unfolding in Central America to drug trafficking: "Even in Costa Rica, a country that is often called the Switzerland of Latin America because it is an island of peace and prosperity in the region, there is growing anxiety about the rising tide of drug-related violence."

UN Designates new Head for Commission Against Impunity

July 2010

The United Nations designated Costa Rican Attorney General Francisco Dall’ Anesse Ruiz as the new head of the Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG).

Dall’ Anesse has been the Attorney General in Costa Rica since 2003, and has not formally accepted the position yet.

100.000 Gang Members in Central America

March 2010

Organized crime, especially the one related to drug trafficking, recruits its members in young, marginalized populations.

Antonio María Costa, executive director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), stated that “Central America is very vulnerable to organized crime, due to a series of factors which include underdevelopment, large flow of guns and a young population”.

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