325 MW will be added to the country’s power supply once the power plants being implemented in various parts of the country become functional.
The new energy will be managed by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), the National Power and Light Company (CNFL) and private companies, who have focused primarily on wind energy projects.
‘The Toro III Plant’, ‘Balsa Inferior’, and ‘Cubujuqui’ are three projects to be launched by the ICE and CNFL, the first two having investments of $150 million and $110 million respectively.
According to an article in Nación.com, "added to this energy collection is the 15.3 MW Central Valley Wind Power Plant. This is a project initiated by the CNFL in the highlands of Santa Ana, south of San Jose. The wind farm, comprising of 17 towers (wind turbines) with an installed capacity of 950 kilowatts each, will bring electricity to some 5,700 families.
In Guanacaste another wind farm is being built, also under the BOT (Build, Operate, Transfer) method, which will start generating power within two years. "
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In the tender for energy from clean sources convened in Costa Rica, private wind generators offered a kilowatt hour at $0.0830.
The cost per kilowatt hour generated at the wind farm belonging to the public National Power and Light Company (Compañía Nacional de Fuerza y Luz or CNFL in Spanish) is $0.22.
Twelve hydroelectric plants and seven wind parks are scheduled to start operations in the next three years, having capacity to generate up to 800 MW.
Of the 19 projects spread across the country, 15 will be implemented by private producers and cooperatives. The largest project, the Reventazón hydroelectric dam, with a capacity to generate 307 MW and supply 525,000 homes, is being developed by the state-owned Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE). This entity is also carrying out the expansion of the Cachi and Rio Macho dams with an approximate generation of 20 MW and 53 MW, respectively.
The Costa Rican Institute of Electricity is inviting water and wind energy generating companies to participate in a tender, although it is not yet clear how it will be priced.
The ICE has announced a tender for the purchase of 140 MW of energy produced from renewable sources, for which $350 million has been allocated.
Building work has begun for the first wind farm in the country's "Central Valley" near Santa Ana, west of the capital, San Jose.
The wind farm is expected to become operational in August 2012, according to the national power supplier (CNFL in Spanish), a subsidiary of ICE, the state-owned electricity and telecommunications provider.