The investigation stems from a periodic survey carried out by the Chamber’s Department of Research and Statistics.
It is conducted under the assumption that real tourism activity and the short-term perception of said economic activity affect confidence in the business environment and, as a result, have an effect on decisions made by entrepreneurs. Greater confidence and optimism presupposes an increase in the desire to make expenditures and investments and to obtain loans. On the other hand, lower confidence or pessimism presupposes an increased desire for less spending and investment as well as new budget constraints and organizational restructuring decisions at a business level.
"It is considered that when many entrepreneurs change their perspective at the same time, there is a widespread change in corporate behavior that positively or negatively affects tourism in the country and thereby the national economy. Therefore, what was perceived as a perspective becomes a reality in the medium term," noted Gonzalo Vargas, president of CANATUR.
The business sector survey during the First Quarter of 2009 showed a generally bleak picture, with the exception of the supply and services sector, which displayed positive numbers. Hotels and travel agencies are the ones hardest hit by the crisis.
In Costa Rica, the business sector expected a greater drop in the level of reservations for this past Easter.
The study "Perceptions of Costa Rican Tourism Entrepreneurs on the Effects of the Economic Crisis on the Tourism Industry" conducted by the National Chamber of Tourism shows that 71.2% of the entrepreneurs in the sector who in March had projected a decrease in reservations for Easter Week with respect to 2008, only 51.7% still believe that reservations were lower."