Central America Improving... Less Than The Rest

In the Global Human Development Index 2010, Panama is ranked 54, Costa Rica 62, El Salvador 90, Honduras 106, Nicaragua and Guatemala 115 and 116 respectively.

Friday, November 5, 2010


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The Central American countries, like others in Latin America, continue to improve in most variables measuring human development and the HDI Program published by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

Among those variables which have improved, school enrollment is approaching the levels of Europe and the U.S. Among variables in the region remaining stagnant, inequality stands out.

What matters is that while the region grew by 33% from HR 1970, the average for the rest of the world is 41%. Growth, but less than others, meaning that overall, CA went backwards.

More on this topic

Human Development Report 2011

November 2011

According to the UN Development Program (UNDP) index, within Central America Panama comes first at no. 58 followed by Costa Rica (69), El Salvador (105), Honduras (121), Nicaragua (129) and Guatemala at no. 131.

While Panama's ranking has moved up one spot since the last time the UNDP Human Development Index (HDI) was published, Costa Rica and Honduras have slipped back a place.

Human Development Report 2009

October 2009

In Central America Costa Rica is at the top (with 54 in overall ranking), followed by Panama (60), El Salvador (106), Honduras (112), Guatemala (122), and Nicaragua (124).

"This report breaks new ground in applying a human development approach to the study of migration. It discusses who migrants are, where they come from and go to, and why they move.

Central America Falls Behind in Human Development

November 2011

Out of all the countries on the isthmus, only Panama’s Human Development Index follows the upward trend set by Latin America and the Caribbean.

Since the 1990 publication of the Human Development Index (HDI), the number has shown an upward trend for the vast majority of nations.

Costa Rica: State of the Union XVII

November 2011

"The country has entered a new and more dangerous phase, a clear erosion of some of the most precious historical advantages of human development."

Synopsis of the Seventeenth Report of the Nation on Sustainable Human Development:

When examined closely, 2010, a year without dramatic events, seemingly calm, reveals the seriousness of the problems experienced by human development in Costa Rica.

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